As we age, the function of our vision will decrease. No wonder if almost everyone aged 65 years and over needs to wear glasses. There are various ways to maintain the health of the eyes of the elderly, one of which is to do a regular eye examination, so that the possibility of your vision function becomes better and remains clear. In addition, nutritious nutrients for the eyes are also very helpful in improving eye health in the elderly.
Guidelines for maintaining elderly eye health
Here are 8 tips that need to be done to keep your eyes healthy in your parents.
1. Perform regular eye examinations
Regular eye examinations are important checks on your eye health. In addition to checking whether your eyeglass lens still suits you, eye examinations can also detect eye diseases, such as glaucoma and cataracts, and other general health problems such as diabetes and hypertension.
2. Nutrition is the key to eye health
Choose foods that are rich in antioxidants, foods that contain vitamins A and C, such as green vegetables and fish. Many types of food, especially fish that contain omega-3 (essential fatty acids) are very important in maintaining the health of the macula, the inside of the eye that is responsible for central vision.
Insufficient antioxidant intake, plus excessive consumption of alcohol and saturated fat, can cause free radical reactions that can damage the macula. A high-fat diet can also cause blockages in blood vessels. The eyes are very sensitive to this, due to the small size of the blood vessels so that if there is a blockage in the blood vessels, the blood flow to the eyes will decrease and cause the eyes to lack nutrition.
3. Always wear sunglasses outdoors
UV rays from sunlight can damage the eyes and can increase the risk of cataracts. Using sunglasses or contact lenses with protection against UV light can protect your eyes.
4. Stop smoking
Smoking can increase oxidative stress levels in your eyes. Although the mechanism of occurrence is unclear, it has been proven in studies that smoking increases the risk of eye diseases such as cataracts and macular degeneration.
5. Exercise regularly
Eyes need good blood circulation and oxygen intake, both stimulated by regular exercise. Regular exercise also helps maintain your weight, and reduces the risk of diabetes and diabetic retinopathy. Remember to use sunglasses with UV protection when doing outdoor sports.
6. Use good lighting
To be able to see well, your eyes need as much as 3 times more light when you are 60 years old than when you were 20 years old. You need to increase the sunlight that enters your house, also ensure good electrical lighting, especially at the top and bottom of the stairs, so you can see clearly when you go up and down the stairs. To read or work, use a flexible table lamp, then position so that the light does not cause glare on the eyes.
7. Restrict the time staring at the computer screen
After 2 hours of staring at a computer screen, you can experience tension in your eye muscles. Here are tips on reducing eye muscle tension, the effects of fatigue on staring at a computer screen:
- Keep the distance of the computer screen with eyes 50-60 cm
- Keep the top of the computer screen slightly below eye level
- Use eye moisturizing drops to prevent dry eyes
- Adjust lighting to reduce glare on the screen
- Rest every 15 minutes to focus on objects that are far away
- Often blinks
8. Get enough sleep
When you sleep, your eyes experience continuous lubrication so that the moisture is maintained. In addition, during sleep, the eyes cleanse themselves of irritants such as dust, allergens, or smoke that accumulates during the day.
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