Intrauterine Device (IUD) contraception or better known by the public as spiral family planning is one type of family planning method that is much in demand by mothers in Indonesia. Even some experts say if the use of spiral KB is considered the most efficient in avoiding pregnancy. Are you one who is interested in trying spiral KB? Check out the following things that you can consider before deciding to install an IUD.
1. What is an IUD?
IUDs are small T-shaped plastic contraceptives placed in the uterus to prevent pregnancy. This contraception has two types, namely:
- A copper-coated IUD that functions to prevent pregnancy by blocking sperm from fertilizing the egg, making it harder for the egg to be fertilized in the womb.
- While the hormonal IUD is a contraceptive that is coated with the hormone progestin, making the cervical fluid thicker, and thinning the lining of the uterus. This is what makes sperm unable to enter the uterus.
2. How effective is the IUD to prevent pregnancy?
Both types of spiral KB are very effective in preventing pregnancy. For several years, only 1 in 100 couples using an IUD had a pregnancy. Effectiveness of spiral KB containing hormones can last 3 to 5 years to prevent pregnancy. While the effectiveness of copper type KB can last up to 10 years from the first day of installation.
3. What is the procedure for installing an IUD?
You can install spiral KB at any time, as long as you are not pregnant and do not have a pelvic infection. But it's good to use spiral KB for those of you who have been pregnant before. Because women who have never been pregnant are more prone to feeling pain and cramps after the installation of spiral KB. The installation procedure takes a few minutes and can only be done by a doctor.
4. Can this contraception be released by itself?
IUDs can indeed be released, except that they are very rare. Sometimes a woman does not know this is happening. The overall risk of this is low, but it may be a bit common in women who have never had a baby. There are several reasons that can cause the IUD to come out by itself.
The biggest possibility is the improper installation procedure and the condition of the patient who is tense when the installation procedure is done so that the position of the IUD is not in the normal position. If this happens, you need to do a re-examination with the doctor to make sure the spiral KB is properly placed.
5. Can you remove the IUD before the specified time?
This type of contraception can be released at any time, for example because you want to get pregnant. Keep in mind, if the process of taking an IUD can only be done by a doctor. After the IUD is removed from the cervix, usually a woman will experience cramps and bleeding that lasts for 1 to 2 days. However, if you do not want to get pregnant or have been steady, do not want to get pregnant again, then it is good to have an IUD checked regularly with your doctor and replaced according to the IUD period you are using.
6. What are the other advantages of installing an IUD?
Besides being effective in preventing pregnancy, the use of spiral KB also has other advantages, including:
- The use of spiral KB can be released at any time
- After a spiral KB is released, your fertility can return to normal and fast.
- Reducing the risk of cervical cancer and endometrial cancer
- Don't make obesity like using contraceptive pills
- For the use of spiral hormone KB, the effect will reduce pain, cramps, bleeding during menstruation, and can reduce the risk of ectopic pregnancy
7. What are the risks of installing an IUD?
Some of the risks or side effects of using an IUD for the body include:
- If you use copper spiral KB, you will be prone to menstrual bleeding or cramps.
- The use of spiral KB requires a fairly expensive cost for the installation process
- If you use a spiral hormone meal KB will cause PMS-like side effects, such as headaches, growth of pimples, aches in some areas of the body, and pain in the breast.
- Not everyone can use spiral KB especially for those who have pelvic inflammatory disease, uterine abnormalities, cervical cancer, breast cancer, liver, and sexually transmitted diseases.
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