Gums are one of the supporting tissues of the teeth, which consists of mucosal tissue that covers the maxillary bone and the mandible in the oral cavity. Healthy gums are marked with pink, have a smooth surface, solid texture, and are resistant to movement.
Unfortunately, gum health is often underestimated. Though unhealthy gums can cause gingivitis or inflammation of the gums that cause pain and discomfort. When inflammation of the gums (gingivitis) occurs, around the gums are formed sacs that separate the gums from the teeth. As the inflammation continues, the sac will deepen and bleed easily, for example when brushing your teeth or when chewing normally.
However, even bleeding gums can occur due to brushing your teeth too hard or using false teeth that don't fit.
What are the causes of bleeding gums?
Bleeding gums can be caused by several things, namely:
1. Toothbrush rarely
We are all recommended to brush your teeth at least twice a day to prevent plaque on the teeth. Because you are lazy to brush your teeth, the risk of plaque formation in your teeth becomes greater.
Dental plaque is a thin, soft layer containing bacteria that attaches to the surface of the tooth due to food residue attached to the teeth. The rest of the dental plaque that attaches for a long time will become tartar. Plaque buildup in the teeth also increases the risk of inflammation of the gums, which is characterized by bleeding gums.
2. Brushing your teeth too hard
Brushing your teeth too hard can cause trauma to the gums, which is characterized by bleeding gums. Therefore, you are encouraged to brush your teeth slowly, use a toothbrush with soft bristles, and replace toothbrushes at least three or four months. Replacing a soft bristle toothbrush with coarser fur can also cause bleeding gums.
3. Technique of brushing teeth that is not right
When you brush your teeth, make sure you use gentle circular movements to massage and clean your teeth and gums. Brushing your teeth using forward and backward motion can irritate and damage your gums, which is characterized by bleeding gums.
4. Irregular teeth position
The irregular position of the teeth can increase the risk of food debris tucked into the teeth. This makes food scraps stick to the teeth, causes plaque, and causes the gums to bleed.
5. Smoking habits
Smoking habits have been proven to damage the health of the body, including dental and oral health. Smoking habits can make gum tissue difficult to repair, so that when there is trauma to the gums, the gums will be more prone to bleeding and swelling.
6. Lack of vitamin C and K
Vitamin C, such as oranges, melons and guava, acts to strengthen the gums, making them more resistant to bacteria and accelerating the process of wound healing. Vitamin C deficiency can certainly cause bleeding gums. In addition, lack of vitamin K commonly obtained from soybeans and green vegetables, can also cause bleeding gums. Vitamin K plays a role for blood clotting.
7. Hormonal changes
Hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy, puberty, menopause, and monthly menstruation can make the gums more sensitive. As a result, the gums are more prone to bleeding and increase the risk of gum inflammation (gingivitis).
If even after changing bad habits you still experience bleeding gums, you are advised to consult a dentist to get proper treatment and care.
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