Are you one of the people who likes to drink tea? For Indonesian people, drinking tea in the morning or evening is a habit. So don't be surprised if various types of tea, including black tea, are the most consumed type of beverage after water.
At a glance, black tea does seem to be less popular when compared to green tea or jasmine tea. Even so, black tea has health benefits that are not less than the two types of tea. Curious about the benefits of black tea for health? See more in this article.
The process of making black tea
Basically all types of tea, including black tea, come from the leaves of camellia sinensis. It's just a different method of harvesting and processing. To produce black tea, a process called perfect oxidation is needed to convert camellia sinensis leaves from green to brownish black.
Oxidation is a drying process in which the leaves are dried until the moisture in them is completely lifted. Because it has been fully oxidized, that's why black tea is different from other types of tea. In addition to having a more concentrated color, this tea also has a more distinctive taste compared to other types of tea.
Benefits of black tea for health
Here are the benefits of black tea for health which you must know:
1. Make you more alert and energetic
Many people drink black tea to be more alert and increase energy. This is because black tea contains caffeine. In addition, black tea also contains a little stimulating substance called theophylline. Well, these two ingredients can speed up your heart rate and make you feel more alert.
2. Prevent cancer
Researchers argue that certain antioxidants in tea, including polyphenols and catechins, can help prevent certain types of cancer. For example, several studies have shown that women who regularly drink black tea have a much lower risk of ovarian cancer than women who do not drink black tea. Even so, further research is still needed to ensure the benefits of this one.
3. Reducing the risk of heart attack
Drinking black tea, according to research, can prevent the onset of cardiovascular disease and heart attacks. Because the content of antioxidants present in it can prevent bad cholesterol, so it does not clog the blood flow to the arteries.
The content of tannin in black tea is beneficial for the digestive process, especially against all kinds of intestinal and gastric diseases. In addition, drinking black tea can also reduce the risk of intestinal inflammation and kidney stone formation.
5. Fight free radicals
Black tea may have many health benefits because the content of polyphenols as antioxidants can help body cells from free radical damage. Because free radicals can cause blood clots, cancer cells and atherosclerosis. Now, consuming black tea every day can remove free radicals, as well as protect yourself from diseases caused by pathogens.
Besides having many benefits, black tea also has a number of side effects
Generally black tea is safe for consumption. However, consumption of black tea in large quantities, of which more than 4-5 cups per day can risk disrupting health because of the caffeine content in it.
Some health problems that are commonly experienced because of the effects of caffeine from black tea include:
- Sleep difficulties
- Frequent urination
- Heart palpitations
- Breathe quickly
If you have a special health condition or are taking medication, consult your doctor about taking black tea to avoid a worse condition.
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