Chronic kidney failure should not be considered mild. Because, if you don't get the right treatment this disease will cause more serious complications. Now, one way to control it is to adopt a healthy diet. Because, what you consume gives a significant influence on the development of this disease. So, what are the dietary restrictions for people with chronic kidney failure? Read on to find out.
What is chronic kidney failure?
Chronic kidney failure is a condition in which the kidneys suffer serious damage so they cannot function properly. The main function of the kidney is to filter blood from toxic waste or excess fluid in the body. Well, if the kidneys cannot function properly, the levels of toxins and harmful fluids will accumulate in the body. This is what will cause problems for your health. In fact, if it is not immediately treated, the kidney that has been damaged can eventually stop functioning completely. As a result, it can be fatal and even deadly.
Chronic kidney failure usually develops slowly and does not appear until the patient shows severe symptoms that endanger his health. The cause of this disease is generally due to complications from diabetes and hypertension. You should be vigilant if you experience bloody urine, foamy urine, and swelling in some parts of the body. This can be a sign of chronic kidney failure. Always discuss with your doctor to get the best diagnosis, treatment and treatment for you.
Various dietary restrictions for patients with chronic kidney failure
Doctors will generally recommend chronic kidney failure patients for a diet. This diet aims to limit certain types of food that can be consumed by patients so as not to worsen the condition of the kidneys that are already problematic. The principle of diet in patients with chronic kidney disease is to maintain the levels of electrolytes, minerals, and fluids in the body remain balanced. Here are some dietary restrictions that must be limited or even avoided for patients with chronic kidney failure.
1. Foods high in protein
The body needs protein as a builder and metabolic agent in the body. However, for sufferers of chronic kidney failure, foods high in protein cause a buildup of waste products that are too large in the kidneys.
Beef, lamb, chicken, fish, egg yolks, milk and dairy foods are examples of protein-rich foods. If you have kidney disease, eating too much or too little protein can make you feel unwell. So, consume protein naturally to help reduce the workload of the kidneys to rinse waste products in your blood.
2. Foods high in phosphorus
The mineral phosphorus can help the kidneys to filter out waste that is no longer needed by the body. But unfortunately, too much phosphorus in the body can actually interfere with the kidneys. That is why, for those of you who have kidney disease, it is recommended that you limit your consumption of phosphorus so that it doesn't burden your kidneys. Some foods are high in phosphorus, including:
- Dairy products such as cheese, yogurt and ice cream (you can use milk substitutes to limit phosphorus)
- Peanut butter
- Soft drinks
3. Foods high in salt
Too much food containing salt (sodium) will cause blood pressure to increase and produce body fluids at unsafe levels. Increased production of fluid in the body will cause swelling in the area of the ankle. That is why, for those of you with chronic kidney failure, limit foods that are high in salt, such as:
- Canned meat (bacon, ham, sausages, corned beef, and smoked fish)
- Canned fish and shellfish
- Salted chips and salted beans
- Instant noodles
- Fast food
4. Foods high in potassium
Potassium is a mineral that plays an important role in maintaining fluid balance in the body and controlling blood pressure. However, in patients with chronic kidney failure, the kidneys cannot control excessive levels of potassium in the blood. Potassium is most commonly found in fruits and vegetables. Here are some types of fruits and vegetables that contain high potassium.
- Dried fruit
Basically, to ascertain what dietary restrictions for people with chronic kidney failure, you should consult a doctor. The reason, a variety of restrictions will be adjusted to caloric needs, weight, and the condition of the patient. In fact, if necessary the doctor can advise you to consult directly with a nutritionist.
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