Gum infections that spread to the teeth and jawbone are called periodontitis. Periodontitis can cause your teeth to loosen or dislodge. This infection is usually caused by inflammation of the gums (gingivitis) that is not treated properly. In addition, being lazy to brush your teeth can also be one of the factors that make plaque and bacteria develop in the mouth to cause infection. However, lack of certain vitamins in the body can also be one of the causes of infection of the gums.
Then, what vitamins must be consumed and at the same time can overcome gum infections?
Vitamins that the body needs to deal with gum infections
1. Vitamin C
Swollen gums inflamed, bleeding, or painful can be a sign that your body is deficient in vitamin C. Vitamin C deficiency is rare, but many are experienced by smokers.
Vitamin C mainly plays an important role in the production of collagen, a special protein that contributes to forming gum tissue. Vitamin C is also an antioxidant that can help prevent damage caused by free radicals.
High sources of vitamin C can be obtained from fruits, such as citrus fruits, watermelon, pineapple, melon, kiwi, tomatoes, strawberries, blueberries, raspberries and cranberries. Vitamin C is also found in vegetables such as broccoli, cauliflower, potatoes, turnips and other green leafy vegetables such as kale and spinach. Don't cook vegetables too long, because hot temperatures can destroy the vitamin C content.
2. Vitamin B
Vitamin B complex is one of the important vitamins that are important for oral and dental health, because this vitamin helps cell growth and blood circulation throughout the body - including the gums.
One study found that vitamin B-12 and B9 deficiencies were associated with the risk of gum bleeding. Lack of vitamin B9 can increase your risk of periodontitis. Lack of vitamin B, especially vitamin B9, is quite common in people who smoke.
You can find vitamin B in foods from animal meat such as fish, chicken, beef, eggs, milk and derivative products (cheese, yogurt, butter), to nuts. Vegetables such as broccoli or spinach are also included as high-vitamin B food sumper.
3. Vitamin A
Vitamin A plays a role in maintaining the integrity of epithelial cells that form gum tissue. Vitamin A is also an antioxidant that can overcome gum infections from within. Increased consumption of foods containing vitamin A can reduce the severity of periodontitis in non-smokers. Unfortunately this effect is not seen in smokers.
Food sources that contain vitamin A include eggs, carrots, liver, sweet potatoes, broccoli, and green leafy plants.
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