For those who have chronic liver disease and are not successfully cured with a variety of treatments, liver transplantation can be the best choice to replace a damaged liver with a healthy liver from donors' donations. Liver transplantation can be obtained from people who have died or lived. Unfortunately, it is not easy to obtain liver donors in Indonesia, let alone those that are truly appropriate. That's why finding suitable liver donors generally takes a long time. So, what are the donor heart requirements that must be fulfilled by prospective donors before a liver transplant?
How is the liver transplant process done?
Liver transplantation can be done by transplanting a portion of liver tissue from living and dead donors (usually from victims of accidents or head injuries that have brain death, but the heart still beats) to the recipient's body who needs it.
Some of the grafted liver tissue, and the remaining part of the pedonor's body can still grow back into a normal heart. Because the heart has the ability to regenerate itself even though it is slower than other body cells.
Liver donor requirements that must be fulfilled
Someone who wants to donate their heart must do some checks and be declared healthy, that is, they don't have an infectious disease, a disease that can be life threatening and has a healthy body and soul. Generally living donors come from siblings, spouses or friends. If you intend to donate, there are a number of liver donor requirements that you must fulfill, namely:
- Intend to donate with your own decision without any coercion from anyone
- Ages 19 to 55 years old
- Have psychological stability
- Have a prime health condition
- Has no history of serious illnesses such as cancer, HIV, diabetes, kidney disease, or heart disease.
- Has a body size equal to or greater than the donor recipient
- Has the same blood type and network type
- Don't smoke and consume alcohol in a certain amount of time
Most importantly, tell the medical team about your medical history before doing a liver donor, so the medical team can determine whether you can be a donor candidate or not.
Side effects that may occur after a liver donor
Usually there are no significant health problems after donating to the heart. However, as well as side effects after a major surgery in general, some side effects that may arise include:
- Allergic reactions
- Damage to an organ or tissue near an organ that has an incision
- Blood clots
Even though you will be sedated during the operation, you may still feel pain while in the recovery process. That is why, you need time to really recover after doing a liver transplant surgery.
What must be considered before deciding on a donor liver
Becoming a liver donor for medical purposes is a legal activity. Those who may not purchase or buy and sell donors. So as long as it is on a voluntary basis and there is no commercial element it is not a problem
Before deciding on a liver donor, think carefully about the benefits and risks involved. It is very important for you to get complete information before you make that decision. Don't forget to always consult with the medical team about your procedure, surgery steps and health in the future after donating organs.
The biggest advantage of being an organ donor is that you can "save" someone's life. And make sure if the decision to become a donor is your own decision. Don't let others influence your decision.
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