Maybe you've heard of carcinogens. He said, carcinogens are dangerous substances and should be avoided because they can cause cancer. However, what exactly is a carcinogen? Is it really causing cancer?
What is a carcinogen?
Carcinogens are substances or things that can cause cancer, by influencing genes or damaging normal cells that turn into cancer cells.
Cancer itself occurs when a cell grows quickly and aggressively, usually because the gene in that cell has changed or is damaged. This change can decrease in the family or caused by environmental factors which include:
- Lifestyle habits like, poor diet, smoking, and lazy to move
- Carcinogens from the environment such as UV light, radon gas, a virus that might cause cancer
- Medical treatment, for example drugs, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormone drugs, immunosuppressant drugs, and others
Actually, even though carcinogens are substances that can increase the chances of cancer, not all substances or objects that contain carcinogens cause cancer. This depends on what carcinogens affect the body, how much is affected, and how the body responds to the carcinogen. .
How can a carcinogen be detected or detected?
It is not an easy task to test and determine whether a substance is a carcinogen. Scientists certainly will not conduct research on humans, because it is quite dangerous. So, usually experts will do several tests such as:
- Laboratory studies: studies conducted on cell and animal cultures.
- Studies in humans: epidemiological studies look at human populations to determine factors that can be related to cancer.
How to avoid carcinogens?
In some countries, the government has regulated regulations to reduce the level of carcinogenic substances in every risky workplace. However, you can also do several things to avoid carcinogens, namely:
- Stop smoking
- Limiting exposure to UV light, which is usually found in sunlight
- Maintain a healthy weight
- Apply a healthy lifestyle
Some of the most likely carcinogens to cause cancer
1. Tobacco smoke
Chemicals used for tobacco production can cause cancer. Smoking is directly related to lung cancer, throat cancer, disorders of the urinary tract and pancreatic cancer.
Food is very likely to increase the chance of cancer. Foods that can cause cancer are many foods through processing and preserved such as canned foods, roasted red meat, refined sugar, marinated foods, pickled and smoked foods, carbonated drinks, and hydrogenated oils.
Some viruses, bacteria and parasites can cause cancer. Examples of carcinogenic pathogens in the human body include hepatitis B and C, human papilomavirus (HPV) and Epstein-Barr.
This group of factors includes radioactive material (X-rays, for example) and dangerous ultraviolet (UV) rays.
5. Carcinogens from the environment and workplace
Pollution of air, water and soil can cause lung cancer and urinary tract cancer. Workplace hazards pose a risk to workers involved in work with cancer-causing carcinogens such as asbestos, lead, benzene and vinyl chloride.
Other carcinogens known to cause cancer in humans include:
- Coal tar
- Mustard gas
- Solar radiation
- Wood dust
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
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