The hot weather has become a daily food for people living in tropical countries like Indonesia. But in addition to making heat and burning skin, too long physical activity outside the room when the sun is fierce-fierce can increase the risk of heat stroke, aka heat stroke. Heat stroke is a medical emergency, not just overheating. If not treated immediately, heat stroke can trigger damage to the brain and other organs in the body, even to death. Check out this article to find out how to prevent heat strokes during hot weather.
Overview of heat stroke
Heat stroke is a condition of body temperature that rises sharply and suddenly in a fast time, but your body is unable or not have enough time to cool down. As a result you feel extreme heat, not only from outside the body but also from within.
Heat strokes usually occur when a person receives exposure to hot temperatures from the surrounding environment outside his body's tolerance limits, for example when the weather is unusually hot. Heat stroke can also be triggered by fatigue due to high intensity physical activity which can increase body temperature, such as exercise during the day for a long time.
Signs and symptoms of heat stroke, including:
- High fever (40º C) or more
- Sweating profusely
- Headache, headache, dizziness, dizziness
- The skin is red and dry
- Slow response rate
- Heart pounding; sudden surge in pulse
- Changes in behavior such as confusion, daze, irritability, and anxiety
- Nausea vomiting
- Breath fast
- Fainting (loss of consciousness), as the first sign in advanced adults
Tips to prevent heat strokes during heat
Basically heat stroke is a predictable and preventable condition. Follow the steps below to prevent heatstroke during hot weather.
- Wear loose, light-colored and light clothing. Wearing thick, tight clothes when the weather is hot won't get your body to get good air circulation.
- Use sunscreen. Besides preventing sunburn, using a sunscreen can affect your body's ability to cool down. Use sunscreen evenly to the part most often exposed to sunlight every 2 hours, or more often if you swim or often dry. You can choose a sunscreen containing SPF 50.
- Drink lots of fluids . If you are required to carry out strenuous activities in hot weather, fill your fluid intake by drinking a lot and often resting in a cool place such as in an air conditioned room. Staying hydrated will help your body maintain a normal body temperature. Because, all health problems associated with hot weather can be caused by a lack of salt in the body. You can also be hydrated by consuming electrolyte-rich sports drinks during extreme sun days and hot air.
- Don't leave anyone in the car in a dead engine condition. Many people don't realize this one danger. In fact, leaving people in a car in a dead engine is a common cause of death associated with heat, especially for children. When the car is parked in the sun, the temperature in the car can rise 6 to 7 degrees Celsius from normal conditions in 10 minutes.
- Avoid exercising during broad daylight, when the weather is hot. Try scheduling sports or other physical activities when the air temperature has started to be slightly lower, for example in the morning or evening.
- Find shelter. Limit the time spent doing physical activities in hot conditions until you are familiar with the climate, environment, and conditions in a new place. Because, people who are not familiar with hot weather are very susceptible to heat-related diseases.
- If you participate in sporting events or strenuous activities during hot weather, make sure there is medical service available in the event of a hot emergency.
- Know the Symptoms of Heat Stroke and How to Treat It
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