Towards the arrival of monthly guests, many women who experience erratic emotional turmoil and sometimes for no apparent reason - were angry, now sad, five minutes happy again. Still on the same day, the next few hours you can feel very bored with all the routines and question what the purpose of your life is in this world. The symptoms of PMS are fairly reasonable, even though a heavy mood swing can interfere with daily activities. What, anyway, causes the mood swing during menstruation? And, how do you handle it? Check out all the complete information below.
Causes of menstrual swing mood
One of the possible causes of mood swing is an imbalance of hormones and brain chemicals related to mood regulation. This also depends on many different factors.
Mood swing during menstruation is reported to be related to fluctuations in estrogen levels throughout the menstrual cycle. Estrogen starts to rise slowly after your last menstruation is over, then reaches its peak two weeks later approaching your next menstrual schedule. After that, estrogen levels in the body begin to decline sharply before starting to rise slowly and fall again before the new cycle begins. The rise and fall of this hormone also causes other PMS symptoms.
Emotional fluctuations during menstruation can also be affected by various other things. For example, cloudy weather tends to make the mood down because the body lacks a lot of endorphins (happy mood hormones), or the immune system is indeed weak. Stressful situations, such as divorce or losing your job can also worsen your PMS symptoms. Decreased serotonin levels are associated with symptoms of depression, irritability, and cravings of carbohydrates, all of which can be symptoms of mood swing during menstruation.
Symptoms of mood swing during PMS
PMS can cause uncontrollable mood swings in some women, from crying to anger and anxiety, then returning to a stable emotional state. All of this can happen in one day.
The most common emotional PMS symptoms:
- Easy to get angry
- Very sensitive
- It's easy to be nervous and anxious
You will know that this emotional turmoil is most likely caused by PMS if the symptoms appear consistently within one to two weeks before your menstrual schedule, and stop one or two days after menstruation starts.
Because the series of PMS symptoms, including changes in mood, usually occurs in the phase of the last menstrual cycle (luteal) that starts after ovulation, on days 14 to 28 menstrual cycles of a woman. Once menstrual bleeding begins to appear, mood swings will usually disappear.
How to control emotional turmoil during menstruation and other PMS symptoms
Healthy lifestyle is the first step to deal with PMS, including mood swings that are often experienced by women. For many women, a lifestyle approach can reduce PMS symptoms, such as:
- Overcoming stress because stress can make PMS symptoms worse. You can try relaxation techniques such as meditation, deep breathing, and yoga to help you control mood swings during menstruation.
- Drink lots of fluids , like water or juice. Avoid drinking soda, alcohol, or caffeine during menstruation. This will help reduce bloating, fluid retention, and other symptoms.
- Frequent snacking . Try to take a snack every 3 hours pause. Remember, choose healthy snacks and still try to avoid overeating.
- Balanced meals . Add grains, vegetables and fruit to your meal. Limit salt and sugar intake.
- Take vitamin supplements B6, calcium, and magnesium.
- Do aerobic exercise regularly.
- Improve your night's sleep patterns
Other symptoms such as headache, back pain, menstrual cramps, breast pain can be treated with pain relievers, such as aspirin, ibuprofen, and other NSAIDs. If you experience severe PMS symptoms, consult a doctor. In cases of severe menstrual mood swings, doctors can provide antidepressant drugs such as SSRIs (Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors).
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