Vitamin B12 (cobalamin) is synthesized by microorganisms and is found in animal products (meat, offal, fish, seafood, dairy products, and eggs). Some cereals and soy milk are also enriched by vitamin B12
B12 plays an important role in the production of red blood cells (haemotopoiesis) and the main nervous system. B12 is an enzyme.
What are the consequences if the child lacks vitamin B12?
Signs and symptoms of B12 deficiency in children are generally similar to the signs and symptoms of autism. Children with autism and brain damage due to B12 deficiency exhibit behavioral obsessive-compulsive disorders (OCD) and problems with speech, language, writing, and comprehension. B12 deficiency can also cause children to be alone and separate themselves from the surrounding environment. Unfortunately, very few children who show signs of autism receive adequate checks for B12 deficiency.
Signs of a baby lacking vitamin B12
Signs and symptoms in infants and children usually are:
- Delay or decline in development
- Apathetic and irritable behavior
- Hypotonia (decrease in muscle weight)
- Tremor or tremble
- Movements that cannot be controlled
- Ataxia (a neurological disorder that affects balance, coordination, and speaking ability)
- Anorexia and other eating problems
- Failed to develop
- Abnormal weight
- Abnormal head growth
- Difficult to socialize
- Bad motoric
- Language delay
- Speech disorders
- Low IQ or even mental retardation
- Macrocytosis (size of large red blood cells)
How much vitamin B12 does my child need?
Babies up to 6 months old need 0.4 micrograms of B12 daily, and babies aged 7 - 12 months need 0.5 mcg B12 per day. The recommended number of nutritional needs (RDA) for children aged 1-3 years is 0.9 mcg per day, and children aged 4 - 8 years need up to 1.2 mcg per day. Children aged 9-13 years will need B12 intake reaching 1.8 mcg, and for children aged 14 years and over to adults need 2.4 mcg B12 per day.
List of food sources of vitamin B12
Animal products are a rich source of B12, while the intake of vitamin B12 obtained from vegetables and fruits contains different levels, making it difficult for the body to digest. Good sources of vitamin B12 are dairy products, red meat, white meat (poultry), seafood, and eggs. However, don't worry if your child does not eat meat, some cereal products contain nutritious yeast enriched with vitamin B12 and other minerals. So is the processed soybean product.
The levels of vitamin B12 contained in foods will vary depending on the size of fruit or vegetables.
Your child may eat less or exceed the average amount of food mentioned above, judging by age and appetite. Estimate the nutrient content according to your child's needs.Source Presentation Suggestions Vitamin B12 mcg Vegetables and fruits Wheat products Milk and processed milk Meat and the alternative Others