It is not uncommon for pregnant women to feel depressed, stressed, feeling anxious, and depressed. To overcome this, maybe some of the pregnant women take antidepressant drugs to alleviate their condition. But is taking antidepressants during pregnancy safe? Can antidepressant drugs have a negative impact on maternal and fetal health?
Is it safe to take antidepressants during pregnancy?
It's actually very important to deal with depression and stress in pregnant women. Pregnant women who experience depression are at risk of having complications during pregnancy, and can even lead to disability and miscarriage. Therefore many pregnant women use antidepressant drugs to deal with depressive symptoms they experience.
A study conducted in 2005 found that 1 in 20 women take antidepressants while pregnant to make themselves more calm. Most women are hesitant to take antidepressants while pregnant, for fear that this will adversely affect fetal development. But various studies have proven that in general, antidepressant drugs are safe if taken during pregnancy. Even though the risks such as birth defects can still occur, the chances are small.
What risks might occur due to taking antidepressants during pregnancy?
There have been many studies that examine the use of antidepressant drugs in pregnant women. The results of these studies vary, some say antidepressants have a small risk of causing complications and some suggest otherwise. But indeed in general, antidepressants are safe to use. For risks that may occur are:
- Babies experience high blood pressure at birth
- Disability in a baby's heart organ
- Birth defects
- Premature babies
- Infants born with low weight
While the long-term side effects of taking antidepressants during pregnancy are still unclear. But some studies have found no difference in IQ, behavior, and learning abilities in children exposed to antidepressants while still in the womb.
When can I take antidepressants during pregnancy?
Taking medication when you are pregnant should not be careless, as are antidepressant drugs. You may take antidepressant medication if the symptoms of depression are moderate. If the symptoms of depression have diminished and even disappeared for about 6 months, you should stop using them. If during use you experience symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, getting anxious and sensitive, and tired, then you should stop using antidepressants.
What types of antidepressants are safe for pregnant women?
There are several types of antidepressants that are classified as safe to drink by pregnant women, namely:
Selective serotonin reuptakes inhibitors (SSRIs) , is a type of antidepressant that is safe for pregnant women. Drugs that include SSRIs are citalopram (Celexa), fluoxetine (Prozac) and sertraline (Zoloft).
Serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) , also antidepressant drugs that are safe to drink during hami. Examples of drugs that include SNRIs are duloxetine (Cymbalta) and venlafaxine (Effexor XR).
Buproprion (Wellbutrin) , is a drug used to relieve depression and help someone stop smoking. although this drug is not the main antidepressant drug that is considered safe, but buproprion can be an option.
Trisilik , an antidepressant that can also be a choice for pregnant women to relieve symptoms of depression.
Even so, in some studies it was mentioned that citaloparm, flouxetine, and sertraline can cause respiratory problems in newborns. But this is very rare indeed.
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