Tipes (typhoid fever) are infectious infections caused by the bacterium Salmonella typhi. If not treated immediately, it is estimated that 1 in 5 people can die of typhoid complications. Children are more susceptible to typhoid than adults. Therefore, parents must be aware of symptoms of typhoid in children before it's too late.
What is the cause of typhus in children?
Salmonella bacteria usually live in water contaminated with feces and can stick to food or drinks that children consume during snacks at random. Apart from food or drinks that are less clean, this disease can be caused by poor sanitation. Tipes can also be transmitted through direct contact with people who have been infected.
Young children are more susceptible to typhoid than adults because their body power is not as strong as adults.
What are the symptoms of typhoid in children?
Symptoms of this disease generally appear gradually in 1-3 weeks after the body is infected with bacteria. But in some cases, symptoms of typhoid can occur suddenly. Symptoms of typhoid in children can be mild or severe, depending on health conditions, age, and completeness of your child's immunization history.
Common symptoms of typhoid in children and to be aware of are:
- High fever (reaching 40 ° C)
- Abdominal pain and can be accompanied by diarrhea
- Feeling weak, tired, and aching body
- Loss of appetite
Some of the symptoms of the above can be misunderstood as symptoms of other common diseases. So, you should immediately see a doctor to ascertain the child's condition if you suspect symptoms of typhoid.
What are the consequences if the typhoid is not treated?
Symptoms of untreated typhus can worsen, which is characterized by drastic weight loss, flatulence, increased temperature of fever, severe diarrhea to dehydration, even hallucinations.
Complications that can arise from typhoid infections are lung or heart problems, such as pneumonia, pleurisy, and myocarditis (inflammation of the heart muscle)
When the symptoms of typhoid in children are getting worse and develop more seriously, the intestines can experience bleeding and holes. In the medical world, this condition is referred to as intestinal perforation. Bowel perforation can cause peritonitis, an infection of the tissue that lines the inside of the stomach. Peritonitis is a life-threatening medical emergency.
Therefore, if the child starts showing symptoms of typhoid, you should immediately take it to the doctor to get the right medical treatment.
Prevent typing in children
Tipes are bacterial infections found in less clean foods and drinks that your child consumes. For this reason, the most important thing to prevent typhus in children is to maintain cleanliness including personal hygiene, cleanliness of food and beverages, and cleanliness of the surrounding environment. Here are some ways to prevent typing in children:
- Wash your hands properly before eating or after taking a toilet.
- Avoid adding ice to drinks from unclear sources, for example when you buy ice drinks on the roadside.
- You can buy bottled water if you don't bring water from home. This is more clean.
- Avoid eating raw fruits and vegetables sold on the roadside. The raw fruits and vegetables can be contaminated.
- Only eat fruits and vegetables that can be peeled. Raw fruits or vegetables may have been washed with contaminated water.
- Make immunizations. Typhoid vaccine can be given to children over 2 years. Talk to your doctor about giving immunization to your child.
- How to Avoid Exposure to Salmonella Bacteria from Food
- Tipes, Symptoms of Tipes, and Typhus: What's the Difference?
- Children are happy to eat, but weight doesn't rise. Could it be Symptoms of TB?