Do you know there are 206 bones that make up the body of an adult? Yes, bone is the main support for the body. Therefore, human bones are designed very strongly and can even support body weight every day. Curious about how strong human bones are? Check out the answer below.
Function of human bones, from body building to organ protection
Simply put, bone gives shape to the human body. In the absence of bones, there is no place for muscles and other tissues to attach so that the body becomes formless.
Besides the arrangement of many bones that make up the skeleton, it provides protection for important organs throughout the body. For example, the skull serves to protect the brain as the central nervous system or ribs protect the heart, lungs, and other vital organs in the body.
Some muscles also need bone as a place to contract so as to produce motion. Not only that, the inside of the bone called the bone marrow also functions as a center for the production of blood cells, white blood cells, fat cells, and fibroblasts.
Although most calcium will be stored in bone, excess calcium will be broken down to increase blood supply. That is why bone is also responsible for regulating calcium levels in the blood so that the nerves and muscles can work properly.
In fact, human bones are stronger than steel
Bones are the strongest part of the body. According to Live Science, bones are very strong even four to five times stronger than steel of comparable size. The strength of each person's bones is different, depending on the density of bones they have.
Strong or not bone is influenced by several important substances, namely calcium, vitamin D, and vitamin K. Calcium functions to build bone and slow down the process of loss. While vitamin D, helps the body to absorb calcium, which helps prevent bone loss.
Calcium and vitamin K can be easily obtained from food. While vitamin D, can be obtained not only from food but also morning sunshine. But all three intake must be in accordance with the needs.
According to Nutritional Adequacy Rates, in a day people 16 to 80 years old need around:
- 15-20 micrograms of vitamin D
- 55-65 micrograms of vitamin K
- 1200-1000 micrograms of calcium
In addition to bone density, how strong the bone is also affected by body weight, age, and health. A study conducted by biomedicine at Wayne State University looked at the strength of athletes and their burden to damage bones.
A boxer can produce more power on his punch because he has more body mass behind him. A quick and sharp punch can cause 25 percent of a parent's ribs to break and break.
Here's how to keep bones strong and healthy
Strengthening bones can be done by changing your lifestyle. This not only maintains bone health but also maintains overall body health. First, fulfill your nutritional needs from healthy food processing.
To maintain healthy bones, consume foods that are rich in vitamin D, vitamin K, and calcium that is healthy for processing and its contents. For example, choosing low-fat milk. Enjoying the sun for 10 minutes every day also provides vitamin D directly to the body.
In addition, doing sports can also increase your body's resistance and strengthen bones. However, pay attention to your safety as well when exercising to avoid injury.
Doing physical activity is also useful for maintaining your ideal body weight balance so that it doesn't aggravate the work of the bones in holding the body weight.
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