Not a few packaged foods on the market are processed with various additives (additives) to preserve and enhance the appearance of food. Of the many types of additives in food, BHA and BHT are two of them. Are there risks that might arise from this consumption?
Before proceeding further, make sure you understand well what is meant by BHA and BHT.
What are BHA and BHT?
BHA (butylated hydroxyanisole) and BHT (butylated hydroxytoluene) are antioxidants resembling vitamin E which are widely used by the food industry as preservatives. Its function is mainly to prevent oil and fat from being oxidized and becoming rancid. The oxidation that occurs when packaging is opened for a long time can change the taste, color, and smell of food and reduce some of its nutrients.
Cereals, processed potatoes, gum, fast food, and butter, including some food products that are usually processed with BHA and BHT. Easily, you can find out the contents of BHA and BHT by reading food labels.
Are these two additives safe for consumption?
Once you understand these two types of additives, you might start asking about the safety of BHA and BHT in food products. As reported by the Very Well Fit page, the FDA, as a drug and food regulatory agency in the United States that is equivalent to BPOM, said that BHA and BHT are safe for use in processed food products.
The researchers estimate that the average number of BHA in daily food can still be tolerated by the body because the "dose" is very small. According to researchers, the new BHA will cause a negative reaction if consumed at least up to 125 times a day.
Likewise with BHT which is considered safe. However, a study shows that consuming large amounts of BHT triggers various interactions with contraceptive hormones and steroid hormones.
Actually, food additives may be consumed as per the limit
In essence, the FDA actually approves the use of BHA and BHT in food products. Only, the recommended limit is 0.002 percent of the total fat content in the food. As for other dry foods, the FDA has set safe limits for each different type of food.
Based on several studies conducted by the National Toxicology Program, BHA can be carcinogenic (trigger cancer) in mice. Even so, so far there has been no strong evidence to suggest that additives can trigger cancer in humans.
So, BHA and BHT in food products are basically safe when consumed. However, it's important to still take into account how much packaging and fast food you eat every day. It would be better, if you intersect the consumption of foods that contain additives by regularly eating fresh food or at least preservative-free.
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