People who are experiencing sakau are often ignored or even shunned. In fact, every person who has been addicted to drugs will definitely go through the sakau stage if he wants to "clean" and stop being a user. But what is sakau? What will happen to the body of drug users when they are away? And how do we help alleviate the pain of drug abuse? See the full explanation below.
Why do people get addicted to drugs?
Narcotics makes users feel very happy until 'high'. This is a result of a surge in dopamine and serotonin released by the brain beyond tolerance, as a narcotic stimulation reaction. Automatically, this beneficial effect will make the body need repeated use of drugs to satisfy the need for extreme happiness.
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Prolonged illicit drug and substance abuse will damage the system and the brain's reward and motivation receptor circuits, causing dependency.
Reported from Kompas, 2015 drug and drug abuse cases have almost reached 6 million. Furthermore, according to data from the National Narcotics Agency (BNN), an estimated 50 people die every day due to narcotics abuse.
What are the causes and causes of the error?
Sakau, or sakaw, aka breaking up the drug, is a body symptom that occurs due to the sudden stopping of drug use, or due to a drastic reduction in the dose of the drug at once.
Symptoms of drug abuse include emotional and physical symptoms, namely:
Emotional symptoms that people will experience
- Easy to get angry
- Difficulty concentrating
Physical symptoms that will be experienced by sakaw people
- Heart pounding
- Hard heartbeat
- Muscles tighten
- The chest feels tight
- Difficulty breathing
- Nausea, vomiting or diarrhea
Why is the severity of pain different for each drug user?
The symptoms and chronology of the time from the sac will be different for each drug, depending on how they interact with the brain and body functions. Narcotics are absorbed by the body and can remain active for different periods of time.
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The severity and duration of the sac are influenced by the level of dependence on the substance and several other factors, including:
- Duration of drug use
- Type of drug used
- How to use drugs (by injection, inhaled by nose, cigarette, or swallowed)
- Dosage every time you use a drug
- Family and genetic history
- Medical and mental health factors
For example, someone who has used injecting heroin for years with a history of family dependence and psychiatric problems is more likely to experience long-term withdrawal with symptoms stronger than someone who uses heroin in small doses short period.
Detoxification as the main solution to drug dependence
Because sakaw generally peaks after a few days from the last dose, detoxification is the main method of recovery from dependence and symptoms of sakau, as well as preventing potential recurrence of addiction, by removing the remaining drugs in the body. >
The detoxification program can be done by outpatient or inpatient care at a drug rehabilitation center. However, inpatient rehabilitation is the most suitable choice so that patients can control and manage the symptoms of sakau and cravings, which will be very strong during detox, with close supervision by a professional medical team. This program offers medical monitoring of sacraments, helps patients stay safe, and as comfortable as possible while undergoing rehabilitation.
Detox starts before the drug completely exits the body system, and usually runs for 5-7 days. For chronic users, detox can run longer, up to 10 days.
Blood pressure, heart rate, breathing, and body temperature will be monitored to keep patients safe throughout the detoxification process, including ensuring that the symptoms experienced due to coughing can be handled properly.
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