Mumps is an infectious disease, which is when a person is infected by a virus that attacks the salivary glands between the ear and jaw, causing swelling of the upper neck or lower cheeks. Mumps is also commonly referred to as mumps and parotitis. This disease can occur endemic or epidemic and can affect both children and adults. However, often we see these cases occur in children and attack ages 2-12 years. To find out more about sundry mumps in children, see the following explanation.
Symptoms of mumps generally consist of fever (38.5-40 degrees Celsius), headache, muscle aches, loss of appetite, back pain when chewing with stiffness in the jaw (difficult to open the mouth).
Furthermore, there is swelling of the glands under the ear (parotid) which begins with swelling of one side of the gland, then the gland experiences swelling. Swelling usually only lasts for 3 days, then gradually deflates.
Occasionally there can be swelling in the lower gland (submandibular) and sublingual glands. In men who have had back pain, the symptoms are swelling of the testicles (tertis) due to spread through the bloodstream.
How to transmit
The spread of the virus can be transmitted through direct contact, sprinkling of saliva, vomit, and urine. Viruses can be found in the urine from the first day to the fourteenth day after gland enlargement occurs.
MMR immunization (Mumps, Morbili, Rubella)
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the best way to protect children from mumps is to get an MMR injection. Doctors have recommended that all children must get 2 doses of MMR vaccine for the best protection. Your child needs one dose at each of the following ages:
- 12-15 months
- 4-6 years
Infants aged 6-11 months must have 1 dose of vaccine before traveling abroad.
Benefits of MMR immunization
Here are some of the benefits of MMR immunization:
- Protect children from mumps, measles and rubella.
- Prevent your child from fever and swelling in the lower ear glands or jaw due to mumps.
- Keep your child from skipping school (and keeping you from permission not to work to care for your sick child).
Safety of MMR immunization
MMR immunization is very safe and effective for preventing mumps. Most children have no side effects from this vaccine. Serious side effects are rare, possibly around 1 in 3,000. MMR immunization also has no connection with autism in children, some studies have proven this.
How to handle mumps
According to the Indonesian Red Cross (PMI), the following are general ways to treat mumps:
- Take a break when a fever and gland are swollen.
- You can use febrifuge and pain relief (antipyretics and analgesics), such as paracetamol and the like.
- If there is swelling of the testes, lie on the bed or be compressed to reduce testicular pain.
- Give liquid and soft food intake.
Other facts that need to be known
The following are some other information that you need to know:
- The shoot period (incubation period) of mumps is around 12-24 days with an average of 17-18 days.
- Someone who has had mumps will have a lifetime of immunity.
- Almost all children who suffer from mumps will recover completely without complications (self limiting disease), but sometimes the symptoms return worse after about 2 weeks. Complications that can occur are inflammation of one or both testicles, inflammation of one or both ovaries, inflammation of the brain or the lining of the brain, and others.
- Eating foods that contain iodine levels can reduce the risk of mumps.
Myths about mumps
If in the past the mumps sufferers were given blau (blue objects to wash clothes), in fact this was clinically completely unrelated. Most likely it was done so that children affected by mumps are embarrassed if they play out of the house, hoping that the child will have enough rest at home to help with the healing process.
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