Apparently, rheumatism is not only a disease of people who are elderly. Children can also get this disease. In the medical world, rheumatism in children and adolescents is called juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) or juvenile idopathic arhtritis (JIA). These two types of rheumatism commonly affect children under the age of 16 years. Although both cause joint pain, rheumatic symptoms in children are slightly different from adults. Come on, find out more!
Rheumatic signs and symptoms in general children
Rheumatism in children includes autoimmune diseases, which occur when the child's immune system attacks healthy cells in the body causing chronic inflammation. In addition, streptococcal bacterial infections can also trigger inflammation.
Rheumatism is a recurrent disease, whose symptoms can worsen over time without treatment.
Symptoms of rheumatism in children can vary depending on the type of inflammation. If symptoms continue to appear more than three months, rheumatism is declared chronic. The following are signs and symptoms of arthritis in children that you need to pay attention to:
1. Joint pain
Joint pain is the most common symptom of JRA. Pain usually appears on the waist, knees and ankles. The skin area in the joints with problems can be reddened, feels warm to the touch, and swells.
A swollen and painful joint will limit the child's movement to move.
2. High fever and skin rash
Colds and flu can make fever, but fever due to rheumatism occurs protractedly. It can even take weeks. Rheumatic fever can even rise above 39.4 degrees Celsius.
In addition, rheumatic fever is usually accompanied by the appearance of a pink rash on the skin. Most often it appears on the chest, abdomen, back, hands and feet. Common fever due to other diseases does not cause a rash.
3. Frequent fatigue and appetite
Joint pain due to rheumatism can make it difficult for children to sleep well, thus making it tired quickly the next day. Fatigue makes children lose their appetite and eventually their weight will continue to decline.
4. Disorders of the eye
Inflammation of rheumatism not only attacks the joints, but also the inside of the eyeball. When symptoms of rheumatism recur, some children will experience red and painful eyes. As a result, your little one becomes very sensitive to bright light. Inflammation at this stage must be treated immediately so as not to cause permanent damage to the eye.
5. Growth is interrupted
Childhood is an important milestone in the process of growth and development. At this time the child's bones should be developing optimally so that they are strong and elongated.
However, inflammation of rheumatism will affect the growth of the child's bones. Rheumatism can change the shape of the bone plate and cartilage around the inflamed joint. As a result, the length of the arm or leg is not the same.
6. Lymph nodes or organs undergo swelling
Wrong type of rheumatism in children, namely systemic JRA can cause lymph nodes to become inflamed and swell. This gland is responsible for producing the body's natural substances for the immune system. Swelling will be seen around the jaw, armpit, or around the thighs and groin.
Sometimes inflammation can also attack vital organs, such as the heart, liver, spleen, or tissue that surrounds the organ (serositis). This is a chronic symptom of rheumatism in children.
Rheumatism in children should not be underestimated
Joints that are always painful and swollen can inhibit children's activity.
Don't let rheumatism make the child's body condition get worse. Therefore, immediately check immediately to the doctor to get the best treatment. If left unchecked, the symptoms will get worse and the joints can be permanently damaged.
Also make sure the child is always active by choosing the right sport. Exercise can stimulate the body to release endorphins, which are natural substances that can reduce pain. Then, make a regular sleep schedule so the child can sleep well.
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