Carrots have a variety of colors, such as purple, orange, yellow, red, white, and also black. However, in Indonesia orange carrots are more easily available on the market. This vegetable is easy to consume for babies and adults, whether it's eaten raw or processed and combined with other foods. What are the benefits of carrots, besides healthy eyes?
The content and benefits of carrots for the body
Vitamins and minerals
Carrots contain vitamin A which maintains eye health, growth, development and immune function. In addition, carrots contain biotin (one of the B vitamins) which plays a role in fat and protein metabolism. Then, there is vitamin K1 which is important for blood clotting and improving health.
Potassium, one of the minerals found in carrots plays a role in controlling blood pressure and vitamin B6 which play a role in turning food into energy.
Carbohydrates in carrots have a low glycemic index, so they don't directly increase blood sugar levels after consumption. Therefore, carrots are safe for consumption by diabetics.
In carrots there are pectin, cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin fibers. These fibers help reduce blood sugar levels by slowing down the digestion of sugar and starch. In addition, the fiber also feeds the good bacteria in the intestine thereby increasing intestinal health and preventing constipation.
Carrots contain many compounds, such as carotenoids and lutein, lycopene, anthocyanins as antioxidants, beta carotene and non carotene which process vitamin A, and poliasetilenes as bioactive compounds that protect the body from cancer cells.
Benefits of carrots to prevent disease and maintain health
Here are the various benefits of carrots for the body in preventing several diseases and maintaining healthy organs.
1. Prevent heart disease
Eating more orange carrots and other vegetables can reduce the risk of coronary heart disease by 32 percent. In addition, consumption of carrots can reduce the risk of a heart attack in women. This is because carrots can reduce blood pressure and cholesterol levels in the body.
2. Various types of cancer
Eating carrots regularly can protect the body from various types of cancers such as prostate cancer, colon cancer, stomach cancer, lung cancer, gastric cancer, and breast cancer. The high content of carotenoids and beta carotene prevents the occurrence of all these diseases. A study shows that smokers who consume carrots more than one fruit a week can reduce the risk of lung cancer.
3. Caring for eyes
Vitamin A, beta carotene, and lutein in carrots can prevent the eye from disorders or diseases, such as glaucoma, cataracts, and refractive abnormalities (myopia, astigmatism and hypermetropy).
4. Maintain brain health
High intake of root tuber vegetables, including carrots, can improve one's memory and cognitive power (thinking ability).
Carrot extract prevents the body from inflammation. Even the effect is almost equivalent when compared to taking drugs such as aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen, and celecoxib.
6. Antiaging and skin health
Antioxidants, carotenoids, and polyphenols in orange and purple carrots help slow aging by reducing free radicals from sunlight and pollution in the body.
7. Maintain oral health
Eating carrots after meals can reduce the risk of cavities because it helps increase saliva production to clean teeth.
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