When dining at a steakhouse, the waiter will definitely ask what level of maturity you choose - rare, medium rare, medium, or well done. Most Indonesians will almost always answer "well done", because they are reluctant to eat half-cooked meat that still has red liquid. Even so, did you know that steak well done turned out to have a negative impact on your blood pressure?
Why isn't steak eating well done?
Culinary experts from all over the world recommend the public to eat medium rare (half-cooked) steaks instead of without reason. In addition to providing more natural and delicious meat flavors, this level of maturity is considered safer for health. Why?
A study from Harvard University in the United States reported that roasting matured meat triggers the release of various harmful chemicals that block blood vessels and increases the risk of hypertension by up to 15 percent, rather than roasting meat only until half cooked.
Dr. Gang Liu, the author of the study, explained that free radicals such as heterocyclic aromatic amines (HAAs) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) that form during the roasting process can seep into the meat. The longer the meat is baked, the more levels of chemical combustion contained in it.
In the body, these chemicals trigger oxidative stress which causes various cell damage in the body and damages the DNA code. This oxidative stress then causes inflammation of the arteries and triggers insulin resistance which affects the lining of blood vessels. In the end, oxidative stress is prone to various diseases, such as hypertension, atherosclerosis, stroke, and other heart diseases.
It's not just steak well done. Eating fish or chicken baked with maturity is also at risk for hypertension
Yes. In addition to steak well done, researchers also found the risk of hypertension increased by 17% in people who ate overcooked fish and chicken meat 15 times a month compared to people who ate meat less than four times a month.
This study was conducted by observing meat eating habits and their maturity level preferences, and the development of blood pressure from 70 thousand participants over 16 years. At the beginning of the study, all participants were known not to have hypertension, diabetes, heart disease, or cancer.
However, within 12 years thereafter, as many as 37 thousand people reported having hypertension. The researchers found that the development of the disease was specifically related to how to cook the meat, rather than what kind of meat was eaten.
Then, how to consume meat in a healthy manner?
If you still want to eat meat without worry, then consider how you process it. Regardless of the level of maturity, cooking or baking is not really recommended. It is better to consume boiled meat to avoid the smoke of burnt products and use of excess oil. But if you still want to enjoy steak, it's okay to eat it occasionally.
Then, choose a healthy piece of meat and a little fat to consume and watch how much you eat meat. Also remember that anything that is excessive is not good for health. Combine with potatoes, broccoli or nuts so that your food is healthier and more nutritious. Also avoid consuming non-cooked or undercooked meat.
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