Get to know 4 kinds of drug groups for autism

Get to know 4 kinds of drug groups for autism

Get to know 4 kinds of drug groups for autism


Treatment for autism usually includes the administration of drugs and therapy. Although not yet able to cure the main symptoms experienced by people with autism spectrum disorders, drugs can help prevent problems related to a person's behavior. For example, the tendency to hurt yourself, irritability, or insomnia.

Now, there are many types of medicines commonly used in modern medicine for the treatment of autism. What are the types and side effects? See the full explanation below.

1. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI)

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are drugs that are used to help children with depression (with symptoms that feel worse for weeks or months), anxiety disorders, and obsessive behavior. These antidepressant drugs can include sertraline, citalopram, and fluoxetine.

However, these drugs provide several side effects such as insomnia (serious sleep disorders), unwanted weight gain, and increased emotional turmoil.

The Food and Drug Administration, the food and drug regulatory agency in the United States, has expressed concern over the link between suicide and the use of antidepressants. The FDA does not encourage children to stop using antidepressants, but they recommend that children who use these drugs should always be monitored. Every sign or tendency to commit suicide you should watch out for.

2. Tricyclic

These drugs are a type of antidepressant used for depression and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Tricyclics appear to have more side effects, but are sometimes more effective than SSRIs. Tricyclic side effects are constipation, dry mouth, blurred vision and drowsiness.

Examples of tricyclics include protriptyline (Vivactil), nortriptyline (Pamelor), amitriptyline, amoxapine, imipramine (Tofranil), desipramine (Norpramin), doxepin and trimipramine (Surmontil).

3. Antipsychotic drugs

Antipsychotic drugs are used to reduce autism-related behavioral problems by changing brain chemical reactions. These drugs are useful for aggressive and problematic behavior. For example, your child tries to commit suicide, injures himself or yells without a clear purpose.

Examples of antipsychotic drugs include haloperidol, risperidone, and thioridazine. Other drugs include clonidine (Kapvay) and guanfacine (Intuniv).

Side effects of antipsychotic drugs are tremor, unwanted weight gain, and drowsiness. These drugs are usually considered after behavioral management, for example through therapy, fails to correct behavioral problems in people with autism spectrum disorders.

4. Medications for sleep disorders

People with autism spectrum disorders can suffer from sleep disorders such as insomnia. They may find it difficult to sleep well and sleep enough. They often wake up several times throughout the night.

In addition, people with autism spectrum disorders who also experience sleep disorders will look tired, not refreshed when they wake up, and easily upset throughout the day. Well, drugs from benzodiazepines can help.

Medications can be used to reduce autism-related behavioral problems. However, drugs cannot help improve symptoms of autism. Medications can have side effects so that every warning sign must be reported to the doctor.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment.

Also Read:

  • Get to know Asperger's Syndrome and the Difference With Autism
  • Intensive Behavioral Intervention (IBI) in Schools for Autistic Children
  • How to Help People Who Deliberately Harm Themselves


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