Although there are many menstrual drugs found in pharmacies and stalls, in fact there are still many who do not know what content and functions are in the drug. Pain during menstruation or also called dysmenorrhea is pain caused by a more intense contraction of the uterine muscles due to the release of prostaglandins. Prostaglandin is one of the condensers of pain, and a type of hormone released for contraction to expel blood during menstruation. Then what are the contents and functions of menstrual drugs that are sold on the market?
Type of menstrual medication based on the content
1. Analgesic drug
Paracetamol is a drug that is usually used to treat general pain, ranging from headaches, menstrual pain, toothache, joint pain, and other aches to collapse. Paracetamol can also be used to relieve fever. Paracetamol has two main functions as an antipyretic and analgesic.
As an analgesic, paracetamol functions as a pain reliever or pain from mild to moderate that works directly in the central nervous system. During pain, paracetamol will work by inhibiting pain from the development of the prostaglandin hormone. That way, the pain that we feel will decrease.
The function of ibuprofen in the main menstrual medication does reduce pain in the body. In addition, ibuprofen, which is classified as a type of NSAID (non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), works in a different way from other analgesic drugs, such as paracetamol.
When you feel pain, pain, or inflammation, the body will naturally produce chemicals called prostaglandins. Meanwhile, ibuprofen has the ability to stop prostaglandins produced by the body, so that pain during menstruation is gone.
An aspirin drug, or in the pharmaceutical world is called acetyl salicylate, which is a form of processed salicin compound found in many plants. This compound has several functions, according to the dosage. Basically, the function of aspirin on menstrual drugs works to inhibit the enzymes that produce and regulate the work of the prostaglandin hormone.
So all things involving prostaglandin can be prevented by aspirin. To use aspirin with the dose as an anti-pain medication for menstruation, you can consume as much as 300-900 mg, which is given every 4-6 hours. The maximum dose is 4 grams a day
2. Diuretic drug
This diuretic drug is often used as a substitute for loss of fluid that can balance blood pressure. Diuretics are drugs that increase the rate of urine production, thereby eliminating excessive fluid from body tissues.
Allergic reactions may occur, including swelling of the tongue, golden yellow urine, swollen lips or face even redness and itching of the skin or difficulty breathing. Consult your doctor if you notice these side effects, especially if the side effects don't disappear.
3. Antidepressant medication
Prozac or fluoxetine is one example of an antidepressant drug that is used to avoid changes in mood or mood before menstruation. This medicine is generally taken every day. But for some women with PMS, the use of antidepressants may be taken two weeks before menstruation begins.
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