The color of a healthy tooth is not as white as a pearl. Even so, the presence of stains on a child's teeth also does not mean natural. Most cases of stained children's teeth are not dangerous, but they should not be left alone. Find out what caused it and how to overcome it in this article.
Causes of stains on a child's teeth that are difficult to lose
1. Lazy or less clean when brushing teeth
Most young children are not accustomed to diligently brushing their teeth, let alone doing it right. Some children can even be lazy to brush their teeth.
Even though lazy or unclean brushing can make teeth stained and change color for a long time. This occurs because the remaining food plaque continues to accumulate on the tooth surface.
If you continue to leave it, a buildup of dental plaque can cause inflammation of the gums or gingivitis.
2. Drug side effects
Many drugs for children that contain iron. Medicines containing iron can cause discoloration in their teeth.
In addition, some antibiotics are also known to cause tooth discoloration. Stains on a child's teeth may also arise even though he never took antibiotics, but his mother used to take tetracycline antibiotics during pregnancy which could make children's teeth stained from birth.
3. Injury or ever fall
If your child ever falls and has an injury to the face, especially the area of his teeth and mouth, his teeth can be stained because blood from the wound enters a small tube inside the tooth layer called dentin.
This color change can take up to 2-3 weeks after an injury has occurred. The color of the child's teeth will return to normal as time goes on. But in some cases, color changes can become permanent.
4. Excessive fluoride intake
Formula milk contains fluoride. If your child feeds the bottle excessively, high levels of fluoride intake are at risk of causing tooth stains called fluorosis which looks like fine lines on the surface of their teeth.
5. Certain diseases
Stains on a child's teeth can also be caused by certain diseases, such as hyperbilirubinemia. Hyperbilirubinemia is a body condition that has most bilirubin in the blood. One of the symptoms is the yellowing of the skin and the whites of the eyes. Children's teeth can also turn yellowish green if they are born with this condition.
How to prevent and overcome it?
If the appearance of stains on a child's teeth is caused by poor dental hygiene, teach children how to brush their teeth properly and instill the importance of maintaining healthy teeth and mouth from childhood. You can use toothpaste containing fluoride smaller than a grain of rice.
If it's caused by the habit of feeding a bottle, don't let the child suck on the milk dot in his mouth until he falls asleep.
Take the child to the doctor if the stains on a child's teeth never disappear. The doctor may recommend a pediatric dentist who can find out the exact cause or do tartar cleansing with children's special tooth scrubbing.
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