If you drink water from a direct tap, refill gallons, bottled water, or boil your own drinking water, you should know what the characteristics of contaminated drinking water are. Because not only air can be polluted, drinking water that is usually consumed daily can also be contaminated with harmful chemicals.
This is also made clear by the official publication of the World Health Organization (WHO) which reports that around 2 billion more people on earth consume drinking water contaminated with hazardous substances. So, what are the characteristics of polluted drinking water? And what danger lurks?
Detect the characteristics of polluted drinking water
Most refill drinking water at roadside and raw water depots before boiling can reveal the characteristics of polluted water. In fact, healthy drinking water and proper consumption should go through a strict screening or distillation process. The process is carried out to reduce the dangers of diseases transmitted by microbes in water.
This is the characteristic of polluted drinking water that you should be aware of:
1. The water is cloudy
In the distillation process, generally the color of clear water is an important key to test how good the water quality is.
You can immediately find out whether the drinking water is contaminated or not through the naked eye. Try to see if the water looks cloudy, cloudy or clear. The color of turbid drinking water is generally caused by a number of microbial particles that cannot be clearly seen.
2. Water has a strange and smelly taste
Before you drink water, whether from refill drinking water, bottled water, or drinking water directly from the tap, you can smell the aroma first. Polluted drinking water can be smelled from the aroma because minerals contaminated with chemical compounds can emit certain aromas.
It is not uncommon too, with many synthetic organic compounds in water that can leave a strange and smelly taste. This is most likely to occur when metal drinking water sources such as arsenic, chromium or lead. If so, it means that drinking water is not suitable for consumption.
3. Polluted drinking water will leave stains
Tap water or contaminated drinking water, generally will leave a trace on certain objects. Please pay attention to whether the drinking water you normally drink is from a tap (for example, leaving a color like bluish green, it can be a feature of drinking water contaminated with copper or chlorine. In high copper exposure, this can cause problems such as anemia, digestive problems , or even liver and kidney damage.
Health hazards when drinking contaminated water
According to Extension Services in the state of North Carolina, there are four types of contaminating substances that can contaminate your drinking water, such as bacteria such as salmonella and dysentery, pesticides, inorganic compounds such as arsenic and lead, and radioactive elements like radon.
The presence of these contaminants can cause health problems, including digestive disorders, reproductive problems, and neurological disorders. This is compounded if contaminated drinking water is drunk by infants, young children, pregnant women, parents, and people with weakened immune systems. This group of people is more likely to experience pain after drinking polluted water. For example, high lead levels can cause serious health problems, especially for pregnant women and young children.
The four substances can cause initial symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and abdominal cramps. And other dangerous substances sometimes don't even cause symptoms at all. However, if you continue to drink polluted water, microbes and chemicals can cause problems such as thyroid and cancer for their long-term effects.
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