Checking blood pressure or tension can be considered mandatory if you are visiting a doctor. Sometimes, you may have a slightly low blood pressure and sometimes a little high. Yes, sometimes blood pressure can change throughout the day. Is this normal? What causes blood pressure to rise and fall? Check out the answer below.
The cause of blood pressure rises up
Up and down blood pressure can be normal or not. Changing blood pressure can be caused by the body's response to small changes in daily life, such as stress, lack of sleep, exercise, and so on.
The following are the causes of a rise and fall in blood pressure.
- Stress . The body experiences various changes when you are stressed, one of which is that blood pressure becomes higher. This change occurs because stress hormones produced by the body, such as the hormone cortisol, make the heart pump blood harder.
- Certain medicines . Consumption of certain drugs can also cause blood pressure to rise and fall. For example, consumption of acetaminophen drugs, decongestants, and anti-inflammatory drugs.
- Sensitivity to food . Some people can experience changes in blood pressure because they are sensitive to certain foods. This is common in those who have sensitivity to high salt /sodium foods or highly salty foods. Usually, blood pressure will return to normal in some time.
- Consume caffeine . Coffee, tea, or other drinks that contain high caffeine can cause blood pressure to rise. Experts suspect that this is because caffeine causes constriction of blood vessels. For those of you who are not used to drinking coffee, drinking more than two cups of coffee per day can increase blood pressure by 4-13 mmHg.
- Dehydration . Dehydration can cause blood pressure to drop. You need to drink more water to increase blood volume so that blood pressure rises again.
- Fever . Fever is the body's response when fighting infection. When you have a fever, your blood pressure can increase because the blood vessels narrow while your heart rate increases.
Unstable blood pressure can be a sign of a serious problem
It is normal if blood pressure rises and falls throughout the day, if it is still within reasonable limits. However, the story will be different if the blood pressure rises and falls in a very long range. This can actually be a sign of an increased risk of heart disease and premature death, as researchers say in WebMD.
A study showed that upward (systolic) blood pressure up and down more than 14 mmHg was associated with an increased risk of heart failure by 25%. Systolic blood pressure is the top number in blood pressure readings.
Compared to people with stable blood pressure, people who have blood pressure up and down with an average difference of 15 mmHg, are associated with an increased risk of heart attack by 30% and an increased risk of stroke by 46%.
Paul Muntner, professor of epidemiology at the University of Alabama School of Public Health in Birmingham, the head of the study said that up and down blood pressure could be a sign of increasing damage to arteries.
Therefore, it is important for you to always try to keep your blood pressure under control. At the very least, keep your blood pressure below 140/90 mmHg. Meanwhile, normal blood pressure is 120/80 mmHg.
If you do have high blood pressure (blood pressure greater than 140/90 mmHg), proper treatment and lifestyle changes can help keep your blood pressure stable. So, try to adopt a healthy diet and regular exercise.
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