Benefits and Guide to Low Protein Diets for Patients with Kidney Failure

Benefits and Guide to Low Protein Diets for Patients with Kidney Failure

Benefits and Guide to Low Protein Diets for Patients with Kidney Failure

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Patients with kidney failure do have to maintain their diet quite tightly. Because, many foods that may be nutritious for people who do not have kidney failure, can actually aggravate the condition of this disease. Well, a diet that is often recommended for patients with kidney failure is a low-protein diet. What is a low protein diet? Here's the explanation.

What is a low protein diet for kidney failure patients?

A low-protein diet is a diet that limits protein from food or daily consumption. On this diet, protein intake is lower than normal requirements. A low protein diet is given to someone who has decreased chronic kidney function or chronic kidney failure.

The purpose of this diet according to the Ministry of Health is to meet the nutritional requirements to suit kidney function, regulate fluid and electrolyte balance, slow down further kidney function decline, and maintain stamina so that patients can move normally.

Why do patients with kidney failure have to limit protein intake?

Limiting protein intake in patients with kidney failure is not without cause. The protein you consume will be digested and broken down into amino acids by the body with the help of enzymes.

Digestion of this protein will start from the stomach then intestines. Amino acids that are digested by the body will then be carried by the bloodstream and sent to all parts of the body that need it.

The body itself needs different amounts of amino acids, depending on the type of amino acid. Proteins that have been digested will be processed by the kidneys and discarded if no longer needed. Substance discharges from the digestion of proteins released by the kidneys are urea in urine (urine).

The more protein the body digests, the more amino acids filtered by the kidneys and make your kidneys work harder. Especially if you are a chronic kidney failure patient whose kidneys cannot function properly. This is the reason why kidney failure patients must limit protein intake.

What is a low protein diet for patients with kidney failure?

Intake of protein consumed by patients with kidney failure must be different from those who do not have kidney problems. According to the Ministry of Health, protein intake in one day recommended for patients with kidney failure is 0.6 grams per kilogram of body weight.

From these recommendations, try to make 60 percent from animal protein that has high biological value. For example eggs and chicken, beef, fish, and milk. Even eggs are called the perfect source of protein because they have the same amino acid content as the amino acids in the body.

Benefits and Guide to Low Protein Diets for Patients with Kidney Failure

A dining menu idea that can be tried

The following is the food menu recommended by the Indonesian Ministry of Health for patients with chronic kidney failure. The following menu has nutritional value namely 2,030 kcal energy, 40 gram protein, 60 gram fat, and 336 grams daily calories.

Morning

  • 100 grams of rice (¾ cup)
  • 75 grams of balado eggs (1 small item)
  • 40 grams of honey (2 sachets)
  • 20 grams of milk (4 tbsp)
  • 13 grams of sugar (1 tbsp)

At 10:00

  • 50 grams of pastry cake (1 serving)
  • Tea
  • 13 grams of sugar (1 tbsp)

Daylight

  • 150 grams of rice (1 cup)
  • 50 grams of beef (1 medium slice)
  • 50 gram setup of carrot beans (½ cup)
  • 100 grams of pineapple setup (1 piece)

16.00

  • 50 grams of pudding (1 medium slice)
  • 3 tablespoons fla

Afternoon

  • 150 grams of rice (1 cup)
  • 40 grams of grilled chicken (1 medium slice)
  • 50 grams of fried cay cap (½ cup)
  • 100 grams of papaya (1 piece)

Also Read:

  • 4 Types of Foods that Cannot Have in the Meal Menu of Kidney Failure Patients
  • What is the Maximum Fat Limit Allowable for Patients with Kidney Failure?
  • Can You Have Sex If You Have Kidney Failure?

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