Feet are a part of the body that can support almost all of your weight when doing various activities, when walking, running, jumping, and so on. But unfortunately, intense physical activity often makes you unaware that your feet can also be injured. So, what causes upper leg pain (instep)? Here's the review.
Various causes of upper leg pain (foot)
1. Lisfrank injury or middle leg back (hump)
The center of the foot is known as the lisfrank area. This area consists of a group of small bones that function to form the arch of the foot when you bend or squat. If one of the middle leg bones is broken or there are tendons that are inflamed or torn, this can cause pain, swelling, bruising, and redness in the upper legs.
Lifesaving injuries can be caused by an accident, such as a foot hit by a heavy item. However, it can also be caused when a person falls with his legs bent down, so that it pulls or holds a broken tendon or bone. In addition, repeated pressure due to overuse or long-term activities can increase the risk of upper leg injury.
Most lisfrank injuries can be treated by resting, compressing the ice, and raising the side of the injured leg. However, if the injury is severe or there is a broken bone, you need physical therapy or surgery.
2. Metatarsal injury
Metatarsal injury is upper leg pain that is often associated with injury in the finger area, especially the pinkie. This long bone that connects the big toe with the center of the foot.
The following are the most common types of fractures caused by metatarsal injuries:
- Avulsion fracture . This often happens when there is a toe injury that coincides with a sprained ankle.
- Jones fracture . This fracture occurs at the peak of the fifth metatarsal bone, close to the outer and middle areas of the foot. Broken bones can be small hair lines caused by repeated pressure, injury, and heavy objects falling.
- Midshaft fracture. Can be caused by an accident or abnormal or excessive twisting of legs.
Broken metatarsal bones usually require medical treatment. Surgery is even needed if your bone has shifted not in its "place", there are fragments of fractures that spread to other parts of the foot, and /or if your fractures don't improve after previous treatment.
3. Extensor tendinitis
Tendinitis or tendonitis is a disorder in the form of inflammation or irritation of the tendon, which is a collection of connective tissue (tendons) that attaches muscles to bones. This extensor tendon is located in the upper leg, its function is needed when you stretch or pull your legs up.
The tendons of the back of the foot can become inflamed or torn due to the use of shoes that are too narrow. The sensation of upper leg pain due to extensor tendinitis can worsen if you continue to do physical activity that is too pressing on the upper leg. like exercise that is excessive or too fast which causes swelling. Extensor tendinitis can be treated in the following ways:
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen
- Steroid injections
- Physical therapy or exercise
If the pain improves, exercise can be restarted slowly and gradually. But don't overload your feet.
4. Ganglion cysts
A ganglion cyst is a lump or tumor in the upper part of the joint or tendon (connective tissue of muscles and bones). The ganglion lump looks like a bag filled with clear liquid with a thick and sticky texture like jelly. The size of ganglion cysts varies, from as small as a pea to the size of a golf ball. Small ganglion cysts usually number more than one.
The cause of the emergence of ganglion cysts is still not known at this time. These cysts on the back of the foot can arise from a foot injury, or inflammation of the tendon. Surgery can be done if a lump causes pain or upper leg pain, tingles, numbness, or interferes with daily activities.
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