More than a third or 36.3 percent of Indonesia's population currently are smokers. If you want to compare, this figure is 10 times the total population of Singapore! Smoking in Indonesia has claimed at least 235 thousand lives per year. Ironically, even though every pack of cigarettes has been included, scary images warning the dangers of smoking, this does not necessarily make smokers quit smoking. Actually, what makes it difficult for someone to stop smoking?
Why is someone having a hard time stopping smoking?
The main answer is nicotine. Nicotine is a substance that is naturally found in tobacco, the opium effect is as strong as heroin or cocaine. When you smoke, nicotine enters the lungs and is then absorbed into the bloodstream along with carbon monoxide and other poisons, flowing throughout the body.
Nicotine works to divert negative emotions and feelings, replace them with thoughts that make you happy. Because, nicotine is associated with an increase in dopamine, a chemical compound in the brain that is responsible for increasing mood and leading to feelings of happiness. In fact, nicotine inhaled from cigarette smoke can reach the brain faster than drugs given through blood vessels. Nicotine also acts as a depressant by influencing the flow between nerve cells.
Why do you still smoke, if you already know it's not good for your health?
When you are addicted to smoking, you can no longer control the desire for what you do so you will justify any means to obey that addiction.
As you smoke more cigarettes, the nervous system of the brain will become more familiar with nicotine exposure. This causes an increase in nicotine levels in the blood of smokers. Gradually, your body will build tolerance to nicotine.
That means you need more cigarettes and more frequent smoking to get the happy effect that is the same as the first time you smoke. This makes smokers want to continue smoking again. That's why a smoker can quickly and easily become addicted to nicotine.
Therefore, it is possible that the effects of this addiction make it difficult for you to stop smoking. No matter what risks might undermine you later, however, you should continue to smoke in order to avoid the symptoms that may arise when quitting smoking - for example, sour mouth, headaches, coughing, difficulty sleeping, to drastic mood changes (frustration, irritability , impatient, even depressed.
Addiction makes you not care about your health
The above theory was echoed by a study from Standford University that looked at three groups of participants: active smokers, former smokers, and people who did not smoke for three years. During the study range, each person was given a futures questionnaire related to smoking habits to an increased risk of lung cancer.
This questionnaire is the basis for researchers to know what and how far the participants perceive the dangers of smoking: whether to influence their decision to continue smoking, stop smoking, or even want to try smoking.
After the results of the questionnaire were collected, all participants were divided into 3 groups based on their perceptions of the risk of smoking: Absolute , how much chance did a smoker get lung cancer; Relation , how much chance does a smoker get lung cancer when compared to non-smokers; and Relative , how much the risk of lung cancer increases from smoking habits. The researchers found that most participants underestimated the relative risk of the dangers of smoking.
Simply put, these people tend to be more indifferent about the dangers of smoking for health because they assume that " smoking no smoking is the same, because anyway I have already unhealthy. "Meanwhile, there were also people who decided to try smoking because they were convinced that" This is the first time I smoke, surely I will not be exposed to the same risk ". In fact, smoking habits can develop into an opium, which can then increase your risk of various diseases. This means that these people are not fully aware of the large difference between the risk of smoking rather than the benefits of not smoking at all.
That is why spooky cigarette packets and giant billboards on the streets that contain advice about the dangers of smoking on the streets will not even shake a smoker's decision to immediately stop smoking. Not surprisingly, even though the anti-smoking campaign was intensively carried out, the number of smokers never decreased.
It doesn't mean that quitting smoking is impossible
It is undeniable that most people find it difficult to stop smoking, especially if they were previously heavy smokers. Although difficult, stopping smoking is not an impossible thing. You can even enjoy the benefits 30 minutes after your last cigarette.
There are several ways you can stop smoking. Here is a compilation of various articles about how to quit smoking on the HelloSehat page:
- 5 Steps to Quit Smoking
- 8 Easy Tricks That Can Help Quit Smoking
- 4 Steps to Start a Stop Smoking Program
- Tips to Stop Smoking If You Surround Smokers
Hope it helps!
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