If you hear the word betel leaf, surely what comes to your mind is a leaf that is often chewed by old people. Then, is it true that the betel leaf and red betel leaf are beneficial for dental health? What are the benefits of other betel leaves for health that you might not know about? Find out the answer below.
What are the contents of betel leaves?
Betel leaves are classified as plants that contain a lot of water. About 85-90% of betel leaf consists of water. That's why betel leaf is also low in calories and low in fat. Per 100 grams of betel leaf contains only 44 calories and 0.4-1% fat.
In addition, the content of other betel leaves is:
- Protein: 3 percent per 100 grams
- Iodine: 3.4 mcg per 100 grams
- Sodium: 1.1-4.6% per 100 grams
- Vitamin A: 1.9-2.9 mg per 100 grams
- Vitamin B1: 13-70 mcg per 100 grams
- Vitamin B2: 1.9-30 mcg per 100 grams
- Nicotinic acid: 0.63-0.89 mg per 100 grams
Benefits of green betel leaf and red betel leaf for health
Here are all the benefits of betel leaf for health:
1. Reducing blood sugar in type 2 diabetics
Researchers report that drinking betel leaf boiled water, or dried betel leaves then crushed into powder, can help lower blood sugar levels in people newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Betel leaves also protect liver health.
The benefits of betel leaf for diabetes come from its high antioxidant content which can reduce oxidative stress which causes damage to body cells which triggers an imbalance of the hormone insulin. The same study also reported that betel leaf does not have any side effects to worry about.
Even so, this does not mean that betel leaf is the only diabetes treatment you have to take. If you have been prescribed diabetes medication, you should first consult with your doctor before drinking boiled betel leaves to ensure there is no risk of side effects or interactions that collide with the workings of the drug. Dauh betel is only used as a companion treatment for medical drugs to control symptoms, along with changing diet and diligent exercise.
2. Lowers cholesterol and blood pressure
As mentioned above, betel leaf contains high antioxidants. In the body, the antioxidant eugenol which works against oxidative stress-free radicals causes various chronic diseases. One of the benefits of betel leaf related to this is to reduce the levels of tiglycerides and LDL cholesterol, bad fats in the body. Betel leaf is also known to help reduce the amount of total fat in the blood.
High cholesterol and triglycerides can increase the risk of cardiovascular disease, hypertension, stroke, coronary heart disease, and heart failure. Instead, red betel leaves and green betel leaves work to increase good cholesterol in the blood that maintains heart health.
To help with high blood pressure, you can try boiling 3-4 wide red betel leaves and drinking the betel leaf boiled water twice a day.
3. Cancer prevention
The eugenol antioxidants contained in green and red betel leaf stew can help fight cancer-free free radicals in type 2 diabetics.
4. Speeds healing of burns
The benefits of other betel leaves are to accelerate healing of wounds, especially burns. This is still associated with its antioxidant content. Someone who has burns also experiences high oxidative stress in his body. Oxidative stress will inhibit wound healing.
Betel leaf is an extraordinary antiseptic, which is also capable of providing double protection from bacterial infections due to its high polyphenol content.
5. Helps reduce depression
Some research shows that betel leaf can help control symptoms of depression in people who have it. One study reported, chewing betel nut or drinking boiled water of betel leaves can trigger the brain to produce more happy hormone serotonin.
6. Maintain oral and dental health
The mouth is one part of the body that is susceptible to bacterial growth from what you eat. Chewing the leaves and /or gargling with boiled betel leaf water has been shown to inhibit the growth of oral bacteria. Not only that, betel leaf is also useful to prevent cavities by fighting acid produced by bacteria.
Chewing betel leaves and areca seeds can trigger the production of saliva. Saliva contains various types of proteins and minerals that are good for maintaining tooth strength and preventing gum disease. In addition, saliva also helps cleanse teeth and gums from food scraps or sticky dirt.
7. Maintain the digestive tract
Green betel leaves and red betel leaves are known to help increase mucus production which protects the health of the gastrointestinal tract. Production of mucus will prevent injuries to the intestinal wall and stomach which can occur due to various things.
Betel leaves are very effective in reducing stomach pain and relieving GERD symptoms and protecting the intestines from harmful toxins and free radicals. The benefits of other betel leaves on the health of the digestive tract are to normalize the gastric pH level to relieve stomach ulcers, reflux stomach acid (rising stomach acid), and the pain that arises from flatulence.
In addition, betel leaf is also useful for increasing digestive tract metabolism to work better when removing all waste material in the body. Chewing betel leaves can increase saliva production which can bind and soften food. That way, you can swallow and send food to the digestive tract more smoothly. This certainly helps facilitate the work of your digestive system.
This means that eating betel leaves can help you avoid constipation and diarrhea. Betel leaf also stimulates the intestine to absorb nutrients and minerals that are important for the health of the body.
8. Increase energy
Chewing betel leaves and areca seeds is known to increase energy. This is because areca seeds contain various active substances that work similar to nicotine, alcohol, and caffeine to stimulate the body to produce adrenal hormones. An increase in adrenal hormones makes you more fussy and alert and more energetic.
9. Treating nosebleeds
You must be very familiar with the benefits of this one betel leaf since childhood. The workings of betel leaves heal nosebleeds similar to how these leaves heal burns.
The antioxidant tannin in betel speeds up the body's response to heal wounds, by freezing blood faster and closing tears in blood vessels in the nose.
Not only that. A study reported in Phyto Journal found betel leaf also boosts the immune system. The stronger your body's power, the faster the wound or inflammation can heal.
10. Drug for prostate inflammation
Red betel leaves, in particular, can you make an alternative to treat prostate inflammation problems. Red betel leaves contain antioxidants tannins and saponins, and the active ingredient hydroxychavicol which helps repair cells in the prostate gland so that it can function as usual again.
The trick is to boil 3 to 5 red betel leaves that are still young and drink the boiled leaves of betel leaves 3 times a day.
11. Cough medicine
Decoction of red betel leaf is believed to relieve cough. Because the red betel contains vitamins B and C and alkaloids that relieve inflammation in the throat causing coughing and itchy throat.
To treat a cough, you can treat red betel leaves by:
- Prepare 5 pieces of red betel leaves that have been washed clean
- Boil with 300 ml of water for 15-20 minutes
- Take 1 time a day
Is there really a benefit of betel leaves for women?
Many cleaning products advertise the benefits of betel leaf for femininity. However, the vagina does not really need to be cleaned with female soap, vaginal douche, or washed with natural betel leaf cooking water. Because, your vagina already has its own automatic cleaning system.
Cleansing the vagina is enough once a day by rinsing it with a washcloth soaked in water and neutral soap (not scented and not hard chemicals), or wash with your hands. the next step is to keep your feminine area dry and clean, and wear underwear that is not tight, and make sure that the ingredients can absorb sweat well.
If you want to wash your vagina using feminine soap containing betel leaves, make sure the product also contains povidone iodine and is not scented. Clean the vaginal area from front to back to avoid germs from the anus entering the vagina. And when you menstruate, you should routinely change pads at least 2-3 times a day.
Are there benefits of betel leaves for the face?
Sometimes, some people use betel leaf decoction as a rinse when washing their faces to get the benefits of betel leaves for the face. This is because betel leaf contains antioxidant chavicol, an anti-inflammatory substance, and an antibacterial that can treat inflamed zits and itching on the face that might be caused. The benefits of betel leaves for the face are also reported to overcome black spots on.
In addition, the antimicrobial content of betel leaves is believed to help overcome allergies, itching and body odor. To use it, crush a few betel leaves and take the juice extract. Then, mix with a little turmeric. After that, you can apply it around pimples or itchy bodies. However, it is better to consult a doctor and herbalist for further use.
Chavicol in betel leaves is also often used to treat inflammation such as arthritis and orchitis.
Although there are many benefits of betel leaves, be aware of the risk of harm
The benefits of betel leaves have the potential to maintain a healthy body. Even so, public health experts and reports from various medical studies began to voice concerns related to the risks of danger of choking.
Too often quitting is found to be at high risk of triggering oral cancer and throat cancer, said the official media release from the World Health Organization. Because the mixture of betel leaves, areca seeds, lime, and tobacco that is usually chewed is carcinogenic (triggers cancer). This conclusion was obtained based on research from the International Agency for Research on Cancer in South and Southeast Asia, whose population in fact still often chides away.
The ingredients used for chewing are also hard so they can cause sores in the mouth. Especially if it is a habit that can be stopped. The bad effects become faster and more difficult to handle. If it is severe enough, this condition causes the mouth and jaw to feel stiff so it is difficult to move. Until now there is no drug that can cure oral mucosal lesions. The treatment offered is only able to relieve the symptoms that appear.
Finally, the benefits of betel leaves also cannot be ascertained to be completely safe for pregnant women. Some studies have reported that chewing can cause genetic changes in fetal DNA that can harm the womb, as well as smoking can cause fetal disability. A wasting pregnant woman is also at risk of giving birth to a baby underweight. Therefore, WHO and public health experts urge pregnant women not to go away.
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