Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted disease caused by a parasite named Trichomonas vaginalis (TV). This disease is one of the most common types of venereal disease. This infection is not fatal, but can lead to complications, such as infertility, infection of the vaginal skin tissue in women.
Trichomoniasis can attack men and women, but sexually active young women are more susceptible to contracting, because this disease is transmitted through intimate relationships. Although it can be treated, trichomoniasis makes it uncomfortable and can cause further complications.
Early detection is the best way to control disease and get appropriate medical help. For women, knowing the symptoms can ensure proper and fast treatment.
What are the symptoms of trichomoniasis?
Trichomoniasis often has no symptoms. The Center For Disease Control and Prevention reports that only 30 percent of people with trichomoniasis report having symptoms.
In one study, 85 percent of affected women did not have any symptoms. These symptoms will generally appear on the fifth to 28th day after being infected. However, many people do not realize that they have been infected with this parasite so that they do not take any care.
If you experience one of the symptoms mentioned and the symptoms are getting worse, consult your doctor immediately.
1. Unusual vaginal discharge
One of the first symptoms of trichomoniasis in women is unusual vaginal discharge, because vaginal fluid that appears can range from a soft to slightly foamy texture. The color is usually yellow, green or gray. These symptoms generally appear within a week of exposure.
2. Itchy vagina
Women with trichomoniasis may also experience itching in and around the vagina. Itching appears occasionally and is widespread. Itching can even occur in the folds of the labia (vaginal lips).
3. The vagina smells
Smell on the vagina infected with trichomoniasis, usually develops from mild to strong. Smell that arises such as fishy and rotten smell, especially after bathing or washing the genital area.
4. Vaginal irritation or injury
If your vaginal area is excessively itchy and you scratch it, this can cause inflammation or open sores that are painful and may be difficult to cure. In more advanced conditions, trichomoniasis can arise like a red lump under the skin. This can make your vaginal area more itchy, but you should try to refrain from scratching.
5. Lower abdominal pain
If trichomoniasis has entered in an advanced stage, it usually occurs 20 days or more after exposure, a red lump can begin to spread on the inside of the vaginal wall. This is caused by the growing parasites. This lump can cause painful intercourse and lower abdominal pain. This abdominal pain generally subsides one or two days after treatment.
How to avoid contracting trichomoniasis
Like other venereal diseases, trichomoniasis can be prevented by not changing sexual partners. Make sure you also always use a condom during sex, if you are not sure your partner is clean of venereal disease.
In addition, it ensures that your vagina is free of bacteria and parasites that cause sexually transmitted diseases, clean the vagina with special female cleansers after sex and during menstruation, where the vagina is most susceptible to infection. Avoid vaginal cleansers that contain soap because it can disrupt vaginal pH balance. If you want to eliminate bacteria completely, cleansers containing povidone-iodine can be an option.
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