Diabetes or also known as diabetes is a chronic disease. If not handled properly, this disease can cause complications that affect many organs in the body.
Diabetes can affect men and women in different ways. Check out other important facts about diabetes in women in this article.
1. Diabetes mortality rates in women are higher than men
According to a study in the Annals of Internal Medicine, it was found that the mortality rate of men with diabetes between 1971 and 2000 had decreased. In the same study, the mortality rate in women with diabetes did not show significant improvement. In addition, the difference in mortality among women with diabetes and those who do not have diabetes is even more doubled.
In addition to physiological differences between men and women, the researchers also believe that this is due to a combination of various factors including:
- Complications of diabetes in women are more difficult to diagnose.
- Women have more types of heart disease than men.
- Differences in hormones and inflammatory responses that work differently than men.
In addition, research shows that as a group, doctors do treatment differently between men and women for risk factors for cardiovascular disease and other conditions related to diabetes. Well, this difference in treatment is bad for women.
2. Obese women are prone to gestational diabetes
Gestational diabetes is the condition of the emergence of diabetes during pregnancy. This condition usually affects women who have a history of diabetes, excessive body weight (obesity), and aged over 30 years. However, women who do not have a history of diabetes can also be affected by this condition.
Gestational diabetes results from changes in the body's metabolism due to the influence of hormones during pregnancy. Just like other types of diabetes, gestational diabetes can affect your glucose levels. If not treated properly, gestational diabetes can have a negative impact on you and the health of the fetus in the womb.
3. Women who have diabetes have a high risk of heart disease
According to Marianne Legato, MD, FACP director of cooperation at Columbia University women have a lower risk of heart disease. However, when women have diabetes, they are 6 times more at risk for heart disease. Another study published in the European Heart journal in 2007 also found that diabetic women are at high risk of having a heart attack.
4. Diabetes affects a woman's sexual life
Sex is good for people with diabetes. Because, sex can facilitate blood flow, help you sleep, and improve mood. But as many as 35 percent of women who have diabetes claim to experience sexual problems when dealing with their partners.
Having blood glucose levels that are too low or too high may cause you to feel more tired or lethargic. In some cases, this also makes you feel uninterested in having sex.
In addition, nerve damage from diabetes can also slow blood flow to vaginal tissues. As a result, you are more susceptible to various sexual problems such as vaginal dryness, vaginal infections, to orgasm problems.
5. Diabetes in women can be prevented
Diabetes in women may tend to be worse than in men. Even so, that does not mean you cannot prevent this condition. There are several ways you can reduce your risk of diabetes. Basically all you have to do is make lifestyle changes to be healthier.
Start with simple things like watching the food intake that you consume everyday. Avoid foods high in sugar and bad fats. If necessary, replace your sugar intake with low-calorie sweeteners. In addition, choose foods that contain complex carbohydrates and fats from fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
Other important lifestyle changes include:
- Maintain weight
- Smoked smoking
- Diligent exercise and active moves
- Routinely check blood sugar
- Healthy Diet or Routine Sports, Which Is More Important for Diabetics?
- Have a Diabetes Bloodline? Protect Yourself With These 4 Steps!
- We Still Have to Check Blood Sugar Even if It's Not Diabetes, But at What Age?