Insulin is closely related to diabetes. Not infrequently, this makes many people think that insulin is a painful and creepy medical treatment. Even though, it's not always like that. Find out other facts about the hormone insulin in this article.
What is the function of the hormone insulin in the body?
Before knowing about insulin, you should first know the function of insulin in the body. Insulin is actually a natural hormone in the body that is made in the pancreas. This insulin hormone serves to regulate the use of glucose so that glucose can be converted into energy. In addition, this hormone also plays a role to help control blood sugar levels (glucose) in the body.
Facts about the hormone insulin
1. Not all diabetics always need insulin injection therapy
In fact, not necessarily. People with type 1 diabetes (about 5% to 10% of diabetics) do need and experience dependence on insulin treatment. However, most people who have type 2 diabetes do not need insulin. They generally can manage blood sugar by making lifestyle changes and medication.
Even according to the CDC, from most adults who have diabetes, only about 14% use insulin, 13% use combination treatments between insulin injections and oral medications, 57% choose to take oral medication only, and 16% control sugar blood by doing diet and exercise.
2. Injection of insulin does not mean you "fail" to control diabetes
This is the most widely circulated myth in the community. Quoted from the Health page, a professor of clinical medicine at Albert Einstein College of Medicine in New York, said that the assumption was a big wrong myth. Because, some people who have already been on a strict diet, exercise, and losing weight still need insulin injections.
As explained above, injecting insulin hormone depends on the type of diabetes that is natural. Patients with type 1 diabetes must be given an injection of insulin so that their blood sugar levels are controlled. While people with type 2 diabetes, injecting insulin is given when the medication given is no longer effective to control their blood sugar.
Therefore, someone who does insulin therapy does not mean he has failed to control his diabetes. Controlling food intake and exercise is important, but remember, treatment needs can vary depending on the needs and conditions of the sufferer.
3. He said, injecting insulin was painful
Basically this is a suggestion that often occurs in many people's minds when they see a needle. That is why, many people think that injecting insulin is a painful thing.
In fact, this is not the case. Now, there are several ways in administering insulin injections, namely using a syringe or with a special pen. The use of special pens for insulin is considered to further reduce the sensation of pain compared to ordinary syringes. In fact, many people claim that they don't feel anything when injecting insulin using this special pen.
In addition to minimal pain, insulin syringes are also considered easier to use, can be used repeatedly, easy to adjust the dosage, and the most important is easy to carry so that you can always be available in your bag.
4. Insulin can cause weight gain
Some people with type 2 diabetes do complain about gaining weight after starting insulin therapy. Even so, actually insulin therapy does not trigger weight gain.
The increase in body weight complained by some people with type 2 diabetes occurs because of the response to diabetes treatment that works. Where the body begins to process blood glucose becomes more normal, and the results can be weight gain. The good news, weight gain due to the influence of insulin therapy may be temporary.
5. Living a healthy lifestyle is the key to controlling diabetes
Living a healthy lifestyle is very important to control type 2 diabetes, even when you have taken insulin therapy. Because, implementing an unhealthy lifestyle actually makes the insulin therapy you do not work effectively.
One of the easiest ways to implement a healthy lifestyle is to have a diabetes diet. A diabetic diet is a healthy diet that is natural, rich in nutrients, low in fat and calories by consuming fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
In addition, it is important to reduce foods that contain high sugar. Use sugar-free and low-calorie sweeteners to prevent elevated blood sugar levels.
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