Knee pain is not only uncomfortable but can also make it difficult for you to move. Severe knee pain can even make you unable to move a lot. There are many ways to treat knee pain, but usually you still have to go through the period of pain for some time.
In order to avoid this situation next time, find out what are the main things that often cause knee pain.
Tearing in ligaments and tendons
Severe knee pain can be caused by injury such as when playing soccer or tennis, or it can also be an injury at home, workplace, or accident, which causes tears in ligaments and tendons. Ligaments connect bones to joints, while tendons connect bones to muscles.
If your ligament and tendon tears occur on the side or edge of the knee, the pain will feel even when you are not doing anything. He will get worse when the knee gets pressure or burden. There may also be swelling, heat, even bruising on the knee, and you will find it difficult to control and stabilize the knee.
Bleeding inside the knee
Injuries can damage bones and joints in the knee, causing cracks and bleeding that spreads to the joints. You will feel heat, stiffness, swelling, and bruising on the knee. Immediately check with your doctor if your knee feels more painful and the swelling is getting bigger.
When your kneecap or other bone in your knee is broken, this will cause unbearable pain in the knee. Sometimes, splinters from broken bones can damage joints and fine tissue in the knee.
Rheumatism or rheumatoid arthritis is a disease that affects other joints and tissues in the knee, causing inflammation. Rheumatism is an autoimmune disease that occurs when your body's immune system attacks the tissues in your own body which is actually harmless. Symptoms are pain, stiffness, heat, and swelling of the joints.
This disease can also limit your movements and can even result in chest pain.
Osteoarthritis is the most common degenerative disease in the joints. Cartilage or cartilage is a network consisting of collagen. It is located between the bones of your knee, its function is to reduce the impact and shock.
Gradually, the cartilage can be damaged and no longer dampen properly. This causes the bones of your knee to rub against, causing pain, stiffness, and swelling. You can even get bone spur in the affected joint.
Like rheumatism, lupus is also an autoimmune disease that occurs because the immune system attacks your own body. Lupus not only affects the knee, but also the skin, brain, kidneys, and other parts of the body. In addition to pain in the knee, you can also feel chest pain and difficulty breathing normally. Other symptoms are fever, feeling unwell, and pain in the mouth.
When your body stores too much uric acid, this can trigger inflammation in your joints which will then form crystals. Inflammation usually starts in certain joints in the knee, then spreads to other joints.
3. Baker cyst
If fluid buildup occurs behind your knee, Baker cyst disease can occur. Baker cyst or Baker cysts usually only cause discomfort, not pain. However, if the cyst is open, you can feel extreme pain accompanied by swelling and bruising.
Osgood-Schlatter's disease is caused by an injury to the knee when the knee has not fully developed. Patients usually feel pain, swelling and irritation. If you often play football, volleyball or basketball, you run the risk of experiencing this problem.
Infection of the bone
Infection that often occurs in bones is osteomyelitis, which can be caused by bacteria or fungi. You can feel pain in the knee bones and other tissues, sometimes accompanied by fever and cold, and heat and swelling in the knee.
Infection of the joint
Septic arthritis is a condition that occurs when bacteria or fungi pervade your joints due to injury or surgery. The pain can be quite severe, accompanied by swelling, redness, and fever. This is the most common type of acute arthritis.
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