Diet can help you get the ideal body weight. However, you should not be too insistent on living it to the extent that your weight drops dramatically. Even though the target of your dream weight can be achieved faster, the drastic weight loss in a short period of time actually risks creating various side effects that harm the body.
Has your weight dropped dramatically after a strict diet? Beware of the adverse effects on the body
1. Body metabolism slows down
Weight loss can actually decrease if you reduce eating, but eating too little can also reduce the body's metabolic work. Metabolism affects how quickly your body burns the calories it gets from food. If your metabolism is slow, your body will use calories from food more slowly.
When you cut your total calorie intake so little from normal, your body will think you are starving so that it will slow down the burning of calories in your body. The slower the metabolism, then you will also burn fewer calories. A decrease in metabolism can even continue for a long time after you finish dieting. This will actually be dangerous.
When you increase your calorie intake again later, your body won't burn calories as fast as it was. So in the future, you will be more difficult to lose weight. You will find it easier to gain weight after a diet.
2. Muscle loss
When you are on a strict low-calorie diet, weight can indeed drop rapidly but not necessarily you lose fat. In fact, muscle mass is lost. The study, published in the Obesity Society journal in 2016, showed that people on a very low-calorie diet had a 6-fold risk of losing muscle mass.
The side effects of loss of muscle mass are related to a decrease in body metabolism after drastic weight loss. The metabolism work is determined by the muscle mass you have. The smaller your muscle mass, the slower the body's metabolism works. As a result, there will be fewer calories burned by the body. This tends to make the body store more calories so that later it will cause you to gain weight.
This can happen when you only eat less, but not accompanied by exercise. By exercising, you can maintain and even increase muscle mass so that your body's metabolism also increases.
3. Nutritional deficiency
A drastic weight loss after a strict diet risks making you lack certain nutrients, because you limit the amount and type of food everyday.
A strict low-calorie diet is generally at risk of causing someone to be deficient in iron, folate, calcium, and vitamin B12. This effect can be detrimental to the body's health in the long run. Malnutrition can cause you to experience extreme fatigue, anemia, easy pain due to a weakened immune system, frequent muscle cramps, and severe hair loss.
4. The skin loosens
Drastic weight loss can make the skin look loose and sagging, especially in the area of the abdomen, arms and legs. This is because the skin loses its elasticity after so long stretched by the presence of fat.
Instant weight loss makes the skin do not have time to shrink following changes in body shape. These side effects do not have long-term health consequences, but can make you feel inferior to physical appearance.
The Health Center at Columbia University recommends surgery as the only way out to correct this if the skin does not return to following the body's contours after 2 years of drastic weight loss.
Reporting from Healthline, gallstones are one of the most common complications of drastic weight loss in a short time.
Normally, the gallbladder releases digestive enzymes to break down fatty foods so they can be digested. But when you are on a strict diet, you will certainly limit the portion of fatty foods, right? Well, when the body does not get enough fat, the gallbladder will stop producing these enzymes which cause bile salts to decrease.
Meanwhile, the body that breaks down fat reserves during a strict diet makes the liver release large amounts of cholesterol into the bile, so that bile becomes saturated. Gallstones will form when substances in digestive enzymes settle and crystallize for a long time to become stones. Moreover, often skipping meals or not eating for a long time can reduce the gallbladder contraction to empty the bile. As a result, gallstones can form.
Gallstones may initially not show any symptoms. This is a matter of caution, because if gallstones continue to grow, painful symptoms can begin to appear so you will need to undergo surgery to remove the gallstones.
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