Even though it's annoying, almost everyone has had a sore throat in his life. Most cases of sore throat will heal on their own in 1-2 days. But if your complaint continues for a long time and is accompanied by new symptoms, it might be a sign that you need to see a doctor.
Indeed, what are the symptoms of a sore throat in general?
A sore throat can be caused by many things. Sore throat can be an early sign of a cold and flu due to a virus. Increased stomach acid can cause the throat to feel hot to inflamed. Open air pollution can cause the throat to become irritated so that it hurts. If you are out loud or even talking long, your throat can hurt.
A sore throat can also be caused by something more serious, such as sore throat or inflammation of the tonsils.
Symptoms of a sore throat in general are:
- Sensation of sore or itchy throat
- Pain when swallowing or talking
- Runny nose
- In children, accompanied by reddened tonsils
The symptoms above are still considered normal. If the symptoms actually get worse, change, or are confused with the new ones appearing, you should immediately check your sore throat to the doctor.
You need to see a doctor if the symptoms are like this
- Accompanied by coughing for more than a week, can cough up phlegm or dry cough
- There is blood in saliva or phlegm
- Feel very painful when swallowing to just sleep until it is disturbed
- If there is a fever above 38.3 Celsius more than 2 days, or sometimes accompanied by shivering.
- Head sick
- There is swelling in the oral cavity. Can swell the gums or tongue
- Stomach pain
- Ear to pain
- There is a lump in the neck
- Hoarseness over 2 weeks
Especially the children can be a little different, namely:
- Difficulty in breathing arises
- Difficulty swallowing
- Unusual saliva production
The symptoms of this sore throat can indicate an infection or other more serious illness. One of them is strep throat, which is a sore throat caused by a bacterial infection. Strep throat generally shows more severe symptoms than a sore throat due to a viral infection.
The other more serious causes, such as:
- Allergy to dust or animal hair
- Tumor. The presence of a tumor in the throat, tongue or voice box (larynx) can cause a sore throat. Signs or symptoms that accompany is the sound of tightness for a long time, shortness of breath, there is a lump in the neck and the presence of blood in saliva or phlegm. As mentioned above, if you find these symptoms, see your doctor immediately.
- HIV infection. Someone who is HIV positive will be more likely to experience chronic or recurring sore throats due to a viral or fungal infection in the oral cavity
Prevent sore throat with simple things
- Always clean hands after using the toilet, before eating, and after coughing.
- Avoid eating food, or using the same eating and drinking tools as other people
- Avoid exposure to cigarettes
- Keep your immune system strong against all infections that attack viruses or bacteria
- How to Overcome Throat Pain Based on the Types
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