Sprained is a type of ligament injury caused by tearing ligament fibers. The ligament itself is a strong and elastic band that connects bones to bones, while holding the joints in place. Ligaments can be partially torn, or can be completely torn. Unlike sprains, sprains are injuries caused by stretching muscles that exceed normal capacity.
In general, sprains and sprains are most common in the ankles and knees. The problematic ligaments will often swell quickly and painful. The greater the swelling and pain experienced, which means the more severe the level of injury you experience.
Signs and symptoms of sprains or sprains
Pay attention to the following signs if you suspect wrist, leg, or knee injury:
- Pain or throbbing pain
- The problem area feels soft and warm.
For most minor sprained and sprained injuries, you can start self-medication at home.
What should be done to deal with sprains and sprains?
Follow the instructions below:
Protect sprained areas of the body to prevent further injury using a buffer. Or, in case of a sprained or sprained ankle, use shoes that can raise and support your feet.
Stop the activity that caused the injury immediately. Rest troubled limbs. Do not place heavy loads on the sprained area for 48 hours.
However, sprain injuries do not mean that you completely stop your daily productivity. Even in cases of ankle sprains, you can still train other muscles. For example, using an electric bicycle that focuses on exercises on your arms, you can train both your hands and healthy legs, while resting the injured leg.
For ease of everyday mobility, your doctor may advise you to use crutches.
3. Ice compress
Apply cold compresses (you can get them at the pharmacy) or chunks of ice cubes wrapped in plastic or clean cloth just above the area that swells in 48-72 hours after injury for 20-30 minutes every 2-3 every hour. This will help limit the development of swelling after injury.
If you use an ice cube compress, do not leave the compress too long in the area of the injury to prevent tissue damage.
4. Special bandage sprain
Bandage of the sprained area to limit swelling and too much movement which can cause further damage. You can use a simple elastic bandage or a type of bandage made of neoprene. All of this you can get at the nearest pharmacy.
Areas with problems must be wrapped properly and comfortably, not too tightly to limit blood flow. Remove the bandage before going to bed.
If your foot or hand is sprained, prop up the problematic foot to elevate its position above the heart during the first 48 hours.
6. Take pain reliever
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory pain medications (NSAIDs), such as mefenamic acid, ibuprofen, paracetamol, or panadol to relieve pain and inflammation, however, these drugs have some side effects, such as increases the risk of bleeding and ulcers. These drugs must be used wisely. Consult a doctor for more information.
7. Avoid four things
In the first two days after an injury, you are required to avoid the following four things:
- Heat, for example hot bath, sauna, or hot patch
- Alcohol, consuming alcohol will increase bleeding and swelling, while slowing down the recovery process
- Running, or other types of exercise that can make injury worse
- Massage, will increase the risk of bleeding and swelling
How long does it take to recover from a sprain or dislocate?
The duration of recovery of sprains or sprains will depend on the severity of the injury. Generally, you will be able to recover and walk within 1-2 weeks after the incident. You may be able to return to using the wrist comfortably within 6-8 weeks afterwards, and be able to return to exercise as before in the next 8-12 weeks.
In some cases, some people may experience further complaints, such as pain, swelling or instability that arise for months afterwards, even years.
Contact your doctor if your sprains don't improve or the symptoms appear to be getting worse. Your doctor may recommend you to an orthopedic specialist for advanced examination and therapy.
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