Heart disease is one of the main health risks in men today. According to the American Heart Association (AHA), more than 1 in 3 adult men have heart disease, and more than 48% of men die from a heart condition.
Men are at high risk for heart disease. More than 60% of men in Indonesia smoke, which can cause narrowing of blood vessels, which appears as a sign of the beginning of certain types of heart disease.
Heart disease can include heart failure, coronary artery disease, arrhythmia, angina, and various infections, irregularities, and birth abnormalities associated with the heart. Even though heart disease appears to be a serious thing that should give a warning sign, you may experience heart disease without knowing it when you do your daily activities.
Early signs of heart disease
The first sign of heart disease is often a heart attack or other serious event, but there are some important signs that must be realized that can help identify the problem beforehand.
In the initial stages, symptoms may appear alternately and may only be a little annoying. For example, you might:
- Difficulty taking breath after regular exercise, such as climbing stairs for several times
- Feel uncomfortable or depressed in the chest for 30 minutes to several hours
- Pain without cause in the upper body, neck and jaw
Heart disease involving blood vessels is often indicated by:
- Chest pain (angina)
- Short breath
- Changes in parts of the hands and feet, such as pain, tingling, numbness, cold and weakness
This could be a sign that the blood vessels have narrowed. This narrowing, which can be caused by a buildup of plaque, makes it harder for the heart to pump and circulate oxygen-filled blood efficiently throughout the body.
Although it is not technically an initial symptom, a group of risk factors also indicate an immediate heart disease. For example, if you have diabetes and are diagnosed with high blood pressure, the risk of heart disease increases dramatically.
General symptoms of heart disease and stroke
The most common symptom of a heart attack in men is chest discomfort including stress or pain. Chest pain was once believed to be the only sign of a heart attack, but there is a possibility of discomfort not pain. This discomfort may also be felt in the arms, back, neck, stomach or jaw. During a heart attack, you may breathe short, sweat a lot, or feel nauseous and dizzy.
Symptoms of a stroke include numbness or weakness in the face, arms or legs, which often occurs on one side of the body. Other symptoms of stroke are:
- Confusion, difficulty speaking or understanding words
- Balance or coordination loss
- Change of vision
- Incredible headaches
Many of these changes will appear suddenly and without warning. If you experience these symptoms, contact an ambulance immediately.
What should be done?
Knowing the symptoms of a heart attack or stroke is one of the most important things you can do to protect heart health. Your ability to recover from one of these diseases depends on how quickly you receive treatment. You can save your own or someone else's life by seeking medical attention as soon as possible.
It can be difficult to determine whether you have symptoms of a heart attack. If in doubt, seek immediate medical attention. Make a regular check-up schedule — even if you think you're in good health — and tell your doctor about any health changes. Building relationships with doctors with their help determines the basis of your health and will help you feel comfortable expressing any problems that will occur the next day.