For most people, ice cream, frozen yogurt, and frozen ice are good thirst releases during broad daylight. But there are certain people who try desperately to avoid everything that smells of ice and is so cold that their panic attacks don't recur. These people have pagophobia, aka ice and cold phobias.
What is pagophobia?
Pagophobia is fear of ice or anything cold or frozen. The term pagophobia comes from Ancient Greek, namely "pago" which means ice and "phobos" which means fear (phobia).
This ice phobia is still related to the fear of cold places, cold food /drinks, cold weather, cold temperatures, fear of cold, fear of snow, and fear of freezing.
What is the cause of pagophobia?
Just like phobias in general, there is no definite cause that can explain why one can be very afraid of ice or cold temperatures. However, there are several factors that can affect pagophobia, such as genetic, environmental factors, and psychological trauma that have been experienced in the past.
Maybe the person is very used to living in a tropical climate, so he experiences severe mental shock when he has to move and settle in a very cold climate. Maybe people with pagophobia have slipped on slippery ice surfaces and suffered serious injuries from it, or they have been trapped in extreme cold situations that caused them to experience hypothermia and frostbite. Cold phobia can also occur after a person experiences trauma to the brain.
Whatever the cause, someone with pagophobia will feel anxious and emotional when exposed to cold conditions.
Cold phobias are not cold allergies
Cold phobias are not the same as cold allergies. Cold allergy is a skin disorder that appears only in cold temperatures.
Allergy is an autoimmune condition that occurs when the body's immune system attacks substances that normally do not pose a threat to the human body. When your body is exposed to these allergens, an allergic reaction arises.
Meanwhile, phobia or phobia itself is an extreme feeling of fear and excessive anxiety about something that does not make sense, both objects and situations that actually do not cause harm. Someone who has an ice phobia will justify all kinds of ways to avoid contact with all kinds of things that are cold or frozen.
Symptoms of pagophobia are generally dominated by psychological /emotional symptoms, which can develop into physical symptoms. Allergy symptoms are only limited to the physical. Skin that has allergies to cold will turn red and experience itching. Cold allergic reactions can be treated directly with general allergy medications, but not so with cold phobia symptoms.
What are the symptoms of cold phobia?
Symptoms of pagophobia can vary, depending on how severe a person's fear of phobia triggers.
Generally, someone who has pagophobia usually shows the following signs or symptoms when dealing with cold objects or in a cold place:
- Restlessness, nausea, palpitations, chest tightness, cold sweat, shallow breath and fast, dry mouth
- Nervous, trembling, speechless
- Panic attack
- Feeling you will faint (or faint)
Symptoms of this phobia may also arise when the person is just looking at his phobia objects, such as seeing ice cream sold by the seller or being eaten by someone else, or watching TV shows that show cold situations or snow climates.
Can cold phobia be treated?
Treatment of pagophobia is also the same as phobia therapy in general, which usually includes CBT psychotherapy (to stop anxiety, fear, and at the same time improve mindset), medical drugs (a combination of antidepressants, beta-blockers and anti-anxiety), or combinations both. In addition, hypnotherapy and Neuro-Linguistic Programming (NLP) can also be used as assisted therapy to control the symptoms of ice phobia.
- Know the Three Main Types of Phobias.
- 3 Precise Steps to Overcoming Phobias and Calming the Mind
- Afraid of getting on a plane, still natural or up to phobias? This is the difference