To work and function properly, the body must always be in the ideal pH range. Quoted from Medicine Net, normal body pH levels range in the neutral range, tend to be alkaline. Exactly from 7.35 to 7.45. PH levels less than 7 are said to be acidic and if more than 7 are classified as alkaline. Well, if the pH of the body is acidic or even too alkaline, the functions of the body's organs and work of the body's metabolism can be disrupted.
How severe is the result if the body pH is acidic? Here is a complete explanation of lactic acidosis, a condition in which the body's pH is too acidic.
What is lactic acidosis?
Lactic acidosis is a condition that occurs when the body produces too much lactic acid so that the body cannot digest it quickly. As a result, the buildup of this substance causes the body's pH level to be unbalanced and too acidic.
This buildup occurs because of lack of oxygen in the muscle to break down glucose and glycogen. Lack of oxygen is usually caused by a serious infection or too heavy exercise. Acidic surges occur in the blood.
There are two types of lactic acid namely L-lactate and D-lactate. Generally, most lactic acidodis is caused by too much L-lactate in the body.
Based on the type, lactic acidosis is divided into two types, namely:
1. Type A
This acidic pH condition is associated with tissue hypoxia, where the body lacks oxygen. This condition is also caused by a fairly critical illness such as sepsis and septic shock, or a state of acute medical illness, including those involving the heart, blood vessel and liver systems. This type A also includes lactic acidosis caused by excessive exercise.
2. Type B
Type B lactic acidosis is not associated with tissue hypoxia and can be caused by health problems such as kidney disease and certain cancers.
Type B lactic acidosis is also related to the use of several types of drugs such as type 2 diabetes mellitus and HIV drugs. In addition, drinking alcohol excessively and chronic liver disease can also be the cause of type B.
Characteristics and symptoms of lactic acidosis
Usually, the symptoms of lactic acidosis are similar to those of other diseases. However, be aware of the following symptoms of lactic acidosis.
- Muscle pain or cramps
- Stomach pain
- The body and muscles feel weak
- Unbearable fatigue, lethargy, and sleepiness
- Appetite goes down
- Nausea and vomiting
- The body feels bad
- Breath hunting
Symptoms of lactic acidosis that need immediate help and include medical emergencies, namely:
- Have disorientation or daze
- Yellow skin and eyes
- Breath hunting until it's hard to breathe
- Heart rate faster than usual
- A sour or sour smell that signals ketoacidosis (part of a serious complication of diabetes)
Causes of acidic body pH
The acidic pH condition of the body can be caused by several things. Among them are:
- Heart disease. Conditions such as cardiac arrest and congestive heart failure can reduce blood flow and oxygen throughout the body thereby increasing lactic acid levels in the body.
- Severe infection (sepsis). Any type of severe viral or bacterial infection can cause sepsis and usually increases lactic acid levels in the body.
- HIV drugs. Antiretroviral therapy used in people with HIV can increase lactic acid levels because it causes liver damage which makes it harder for the body to process and digest this one substance.
- Cancer. Cancer cells can cause an increase in lactic acid because a person loses a considerable amount of weight.
- Acetaminophen drugs. Acetaminophen (paracetamol) includes pain relievers and fever that can cause lactic acidosis, even when taken in the right dose. This drug can cause pyroglutamic acid buildup in the blood.
Drink excessive alcohol . The habit of drinking alcohol excessively can increase phosphate levels which will have a negative impact on the kidneys. As a result, the body's pH becomes more acidic.
Severe physical activity. Temporary lactic acid buildup can be caused by exercise too hard so that the body lacks oxygen to break down glucose in the blood.
- Diabetes. Metformin, one drink for diabetes can cause lactic acid buildup in the body.
Treatment options for lactic acidosis
The best way to balance acidic body pH or lactic acidosis is to treat the main cause. The treatment options include:
- Intravenous fluid (infusion) to increase body circulation so that it can reduce the level of lactic acid.
- Oxygen therapy.
- Vitamin therapy.
- Blood washing process with bicarbonate.
It is also important to maintain adequate body fluid balance and sleep if you experience lactic acid buildup. Especially after you exercise too hard. Getting the right treatment through accurate diagnosis is one of the keys to the successful treatment of lactic acidosis. In addition, prevent lactic acidosis by managing various causes.
- List of Healthy Foods and Drinks that Contain Lactic Acid Bacteria
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- The Importance of Maintaining a Body pH Level That Is Balanced (What is the Ideal pH of the Body?)