Smoking has become commonplace for many people, both men and women, even teenagers have started smoking. Smoking is one source of various diseases. Some of the diseases caused can be fatal and others can cause long-term damage that is difficult or even incurable. So, what are the dangers of smoking for health?
The danger of smoking for smokers themselves
Smoking causes about 90 percent of lung cancer cases. This one habit also causes cancer in various other body parts. For example the mouth, lips, throat, larynx, esophagus (esophagus), bladder, kidney, liver, and pancreas.
Smoking can also damage your heart and blood circulation, increasing your risk of having several diseases such as:
- coronary heart disease
- heart attack
- peripheral vascular disease (damaged blood vessels)
- cerebrovascular disease (damaged artery, which supplies blood to the brain)
Smoking can also affect your lung health. Smoking can cause conditions such as:
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which reduces the supply of oxygen to the blood due to blocked airways due to inflammation (bronchitis) and damaged air sacs (emphysema).
Smoking can also worsen or prolong the symptoms of respiratory conditions such as asthma, or respiratory infections such as the common cold.
In men, smoking can cause impotence because it inhibits blood supply and flow to the penis. This can also reduce male and female fertility.
Health risks for passive smokers
The danger of smoking does not only affect the smoker itself. However, cigarette smoke inhaled by other people can also endanger their health. People who take in cigarette smoke (but don't smoke) are called passive smoking. In fact, passive smoking can also increase the risk of getting the same health conditions as active smokers.
Babies and children are very vulnerable to the effects of cigarette smoke from other people. A child exposed to smoke has a higher risk of experiencing meningitis and persistent coughing. Also, if children have asthma, the symptoms will get worse.
In addition, babies or children who breathe cigarette smoke also have a risk of sudden death and ear infections.
The danger of smoking in pregnant women
The danger of smoking for pregnant women does not only happen to themselves, but also to the fetus in the womb. Smoking during pregnancy can increase complications such as:
- premature birth
- low birth weight babies
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