The main impact of eating disorders is the lack of intake of the body so that physiological disorders occur. Unlike sufferers of certain diseases that cause us not to be able to digest food properly, people who experience bulimia limit food because of their desire or mind to lose weight, by limiting it to the extreme amount of food intake.
Restricted intake in bulimics
The body needs nutrients from food intake to replace damaged cells. Limiting food intake to extreme amounts such as those with bulimia will cause the body to experience malnutrition and loss of substances needed to carry out its functions.
Vomiting behavior of food that has been eaten
Even though it does not cause a significant decrease in body, bulima sufferers sometimes remove food that has been eaten. Though this behavior will only cause damage to the body. The digestive system component has specific functions and requires time to process food. Bulimics sometimes force food out of their bodies by vomiting or accelerating the process of absorption of food in the stomach and intestines by abusing drugs. This causes serious digestive system damage if done continuously.
Effects that have been caused on bulimic patients for a long time
Lack of nutritional intake and forcing the digestive system to work abnormally will certainly cause health problems. The following are some of the health effects that sufferers may experience in the long term:
1. Tooth damage
This is risky for bulimics who like to vomit food by being forced. When bulimics vomit their food, stomach acid will come out with food that has not been properly digested. For a long time, the teeth affected by acid will porous and cause caries in the teeth.
2. Salivary gland swelling
The habit of removing food will injure the salivary glands in the oral cavity, so that swelling appears around the face and can also be followed by throat swelling.
3. Decreased skin and hair health
Nutritional deficiencies due to vomiting and frequent laxative use can have an impact on dryness of the skin and hair and also reduce nail density.
If the bone does not get enough calcium, bone density can decrease in density. In people with bulimia, osteoporosis can also occur due to a lack of other needed substances such as vitamin D and phosphorus.
Forcing to eject food either by vomiting and using drugs will cause electrolyte imbalances which can cause heart rhythm or arrhythmia. A study in Japan showed that bulimics were more likely to experience abnormal heart rhythms. If this is left for a long time it will cause complications of heart disease, including kidney damage.
6. Menstrual disorders
Lack of intake for a long time can also cause damage to the reproductive system in women. Because the body tries to survive while maintaining the availability of nutrients amid a lack of intake, an abnormal menstrual cycle occurs. Even the menstrual cycle can not continue and cause women with bulimia not to have children.
7. Chronic constipation
Disorders of constipation or constipation in people with bulimia are caused by the behavior of returning food either with abuse of laxatives or forcing them to vomit. The behavior of causing nerve endings in the intestinal muscles as a result of the intestines unable to function normally even though the use of laxatives has been stopped.
8. Emotional disorders
Bulimia not only disrupts the body's balance but also emotional disturbances that may last for the rest of the patient's life. Bulimia sufferers tend to feel ashamed of their body, resulting in mood disorders and irritability and worry too much about their weight.
9. Mental disorders
One of the mental disorders that are at risk for bulimics is depression. This is because bulimics want a perfect body shape by limiting food intake, but end up damaging their own health. Bulimics also tend to have difficulty concentrating and have difficulty making decisions and suicidal desires due to depression.
People with bulimia often cover their condition and don't even know the health risks of complications of bulimia. The worst long-term effects on health are damage to the heart and digestive system. Even in one case, though rare, bulimics develop esophageal cancer due to the abnormal function of the intestine from attempting to re-feed food that has been swallowed.
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