Worried because your child looks thinner than children his age? Actually, if your doctor says your child is healthy, you don't need to worry about his weight. But if the child's weight is below the average, there are several ways you can do it to make it smaller.
1. High-calorie foods
Children aged 2 - 3 years generally need approximately 1,000 kcal per day, and children aged 4 - 8 years need 1,200 - 1,400 kcal per day. The average person needs an additional 3,500 kcal to increase 5 ounces of his body weight. By adding a calorie intake of 500 kcal to the total calorie needs of your child every day, this will help your child get an additional 5 ounces per week, proportional to children with less weight.
2. Add fat intake
Increasing fat intake on your baby's diet is a quick and easy way to increase calories, because 1 gram of fat contains more calories than other nutritional sources. Olive and canola oil, butter, and trans-fat mayonnaise can be used as ingredients for cooking your baby's food, and an additional 1 tablespoon of one of these ingredients will increase the number of calories to 45 - 120 kcal. You can also give cream or melted cheese to rice, pasta or vegetables as an alternative way to add calories to your child's diet.
When you are cooking, replace low-fat ingredients with high-fat ingredients. For example, when making oatmeal cereal, use fresh milk instead of mixing it only with water.
3. Add carbohydrate intake
Carbohydrates are a rich source of calories, 4 kcal /gram, although not as much as in fat. You can provide high-carbohydrate snacks for your child, such as raisins, dried fruits, and granola. 250 grams of one of these ingredients contains at least 240 kcal, also suitable to be added as filling pudding, yogurt, or cereal.
You can also increase your child's daily carbohydrate intake by adding honey or fruit juice to fresh fruits or oatmeal cereal.
4. Calories from drinks
If your child doesn't like to eat, you can help him gain weight with the calorie intake contained in some drinks. Fresh fruit juices, fresh milk, yogurt, and smoothies containing yogurt usually have more than 100 kcal per portion (8 ounces /250 ml). These drinks are also rich in vitamins and minerals, because dairy products contain protein up to 8 grams per portion. You can buy special formula milk for children with chocolate or vanilla flavorings available at supermarkets or pharmacies.
5. Eat regularly
DO NOT skip meals: skipping meals will eliminate the chance for your child to get enough calorie intake to move all day long. Make it a habit to eat 3 times a day with 2 meals intermittently between normal eating hours.
6. Larger portion
Serve two servings of sandwiches at once, rather than just giving one cup. Provide milk in a larger glass, or a large bowl for cereal, and larger fruits.
7. Serve peanut butter, nuts, avocado and olive oil
These foods are rich in healthy fats and can be added to the diet for your children who like to exercise. The nutrients contained in these foods will help restore inflammation which may be caused by injury when your child is exercising. Foods that are rich in healthy fats also contain high levels of calories. Add slices of almonds to breakfast cereals or salads. Make a sandwich added with peanut butter, or serve guacamole sauce from avocados as a friend to snack on your little fries (without saturated fat)